When the human skin gets damaged, the underlying soft tissue turns red or black-and-blue and the resulting discoloration in the skin is called a bruise - bruising is the term applied to any damage suffered by the skin which leads to some change in the color of the skin. Bruises often change in color largely dependant on the depth of the bruise, thus the color of the bruise may change from yellow to green.
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This change in coloration occurs because of chemical decomposition in the affected area of the skin. The change is thus a result of the removal of dead cells and the replacement of the tissues by the body itself. The time taken for the affected area of the skin will depend on the severity of the bruise and the type of blow or impact that caused the injury. Full recovery from a bruise may therefore take from days to weeks, with various factors such as depth of injury dictating the rate of healing in the tissue.
The breakage in blood vessels and the subsequent leakage of blood into the skin cause the actual discoloration of tissues at the site of the bruise. Thus deep and true bruises can be the result of sprains, serious falls or broken bones, while superficial bruising can come about because of bumps, pinches or suction on the surface of the skin.
Certain individuals have a greater susceptibility to developing bruises on their bodies following an injury. The presence of disorders like anemia and obesity in the individual increases the chances of bruises occurring after injury. Additionally, an easily bruised skin can indicate brittleness in the walls of the blood vessels or some deficiency in the blood-clotting factors of the individual.
The presence of a serious disorder like leukemia is possible if the person develops bruises on the surface of the skin without good cause suddenly. Bruises are also much more likely to occur in individual if the blood-platelet levels are low as a result of using some blood-thinning medications - anticoagulants to treat other unrelated disorders.
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Bruises also occur in some individuals without any apparent cause and in hemophiliacs, bruising may occur in the soft tissues surrounding the joints quite suddenly without external causes due to internal hemorrhages. An individual lacking in essential nutrients like the vitamin C and bioflavonoids is also likely to suffer from brittle blood vessels and he or she will be very prone to developing bruises even from minor injuries.
To ensure that the body receives adequate amounts of the blood-clotting agent vitamin K, make sure that the diet contains abundant quantities of dark green and leafy vegetables, including alfalfa sprouts. Another essential mineral iron is also found in abundant quantities in such foods and this mineral is very important for its ability in combating anemia, which is probably a very important factor in the formation of bruises in some cases.
The body builds up strong capillaries utilizing vitamin K and vitamin C along with bioflavonoids-citrus fruits are very rich in these compounds and diets must include abundant quantities of these fruits. Another nutrient important in the clotting of blood is the vitamin D, this vitamin is manufactured on the skin with the aid of sunlight, and a good food source of this vitamin is through the consumption of fatty fishes such as the mackerel and salmon.
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A body lacking in the vitamin C is prone to being easily bruised and much slower in its ability to bring about recovery in the affected region of skin. Vitamin C and bioflavonoids work together within the body and exist in nature within the same types of food. Supplements of the vitamin C formula must therefore always include bioflavonoid to bring about the maximum benefit to the person.
Healing and recovery from bruises is also accomplished by the vitamin E, this vitamin is also responsible for bolstering the body and prevents easy bruising in the human skin. The antioxidant action of both the vitamins C and E, in addition prevents free-radical damage to the tissues on the site of injury and increase the rate of cell and tissue reconstruction. The haling in the site of the bruise is also accelerated by another supplemental compound called bromelain - this can also be taken as a supplemental measure against bruising.
Rub the injured area or site of the bruise using the essential oils of the thyme and tea tree oil diluted in some olive oil, repeat this topical treatment two times everyday. Bathing in bath water infused with herbs is also an excellent idea, dilute bath water by adding about 15 drops of comfrey tincture to warm water and take daily baths.
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Following the daily bath, further treatment of the bruised skin can be carried out using applications of an arnica salve on the injured area to absorb the blood. The oil of the St. John's wort herb can also be used instead of the arnica, the herbal application in both cases will speed the healing of the area and help in relieving the pain.
Bath water can also be prepared by adding an infusion of herbs like the chamomile, the horsetail and the thyme. Direct topical treatment of the affected area can be done using compresses made from the St. John's wort herb, the comfrey, the fennel, the chamomile, the witch hazel, and from blossoms of the calendula, the peppermint can also be used.
These compresses when applied will soothe and heal the skin. Bruising on the skin that has been caused by a deficiency of the vitamin C can be remedied by drinking large doses of an herbal tea made from the rose hip herb.
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Commonly used essential oils for bruising:
All the homeopathic remedies given below can be taken at dosage strengths of about 6, 12 or 30th potency. Doses can be once every hour or less, alternately the remedy can also be used as and when necessary. For example, the tincture made from the arnica tincture works effectively as a topical measure in injured areas where the skin is not broken.
Arnica is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of all kinds of bruises caused by an injury, caused by a blow to the skin, from a fall or from a surgery. The remedy can be used both in the prevention and in the healing of bruises on the body. The patient often complains of soreness and aching pain in the affected area. There is a "bruised" or "beaten sensation" in the affected area of the skin. The patient may become very weak and restless following the injury that causes the bruising.
The remedy can also be used in the case of a black eye. The remedy will be effective against bruises caused by the use of blunt instruments on the skin. The patient may display a tendency to be easily bruised, and the bruises can be either black or blue along the injured skin. Arnica can be used as a topical or external treatment on the bruise if the skin is not broken at the site of the bruise. The remedy must not be used at the site of an open wound.
The symptoms can also include psychological problems such as shock, and the patient may be in a permanent fearful state of mind. The condition of the patient tends to greatly worsen if he or she is touched, and if he or she is exposed to jarring motions, the condition can also be aggravated by damp conditions.
The condition of the patient will generally improve when he or she is out in the open air and if a cold compress is used as a topical measure on the site of injury. The presence of one ore more of these symptoms requires the immediate use of Arnica as a homeopathic remedy in the treatment of the condition.
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Bellis is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of all kinds of bruises caused by an injury in the deep tissues and also in the case of bruises that result after surgery. The remedy can also be used to treat bruises caused by sprains. The area of the bruise is often aching and throbbing with painful sensations at most times.
The remedy must be used in the treatment of bruises that occur on the legs, on the breast, in the abdomen, and along the joints. It can also be used in the treatment of brittle blood vessels and following blood test. The patient may complain of swelling that persist for a long time after the occurrence of the injury or bruise.
Physical symptoms can also include the presence of excessive coldness in the limbs and the swelling of the glands. The remedy can be used to dissolves hematoma in the body. Physical symptoms can also include the development of tumors at site of injury. The condition of the patient often worsens when he or she takes bath using cold water, or when he or she is touched.
The condition of the patient greatly improves when undertaking any sort of motion, when he or she is rubbed on the skin, and if a cold compress is applied along the injured area. The presence of one or more of these symptoms in the patient requires the immediate use of Bellis as a homeopathic remedy in the treatment of the condition.
Hamamelis is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of all kinds of bruises which come along with the presence of an intense soreness in the affected area; in addition the person may complain of the presence of an aching and bruised feeling in the area. The affected area is very tender to the touch. The remedy can be used in the treatment of a black eye or for treating any kind of bleeding in the eyes. The remedy can also be used in the treatment of bruises that occur on the testes.
The use of the remedy is suggested to treat all manners of injury that occur along the veins. The remedy can be used in the treatment of varicose veins, phlebitis and hemorrhoids. The remedy can also be used to treat injuries occurring anywhere on the body that lead to the bleeding of dark blood. The remedy can be used in the treatment of hemorrhages, and in to treat individuals who suffer poor clotting abilities in their blood. The remedy can also be used in the treatment of a nosebleed.
The individual may suffer from a bruised look on burns. The condition of the patient often worsens when some pressure is applied on the skin, the condition can also be aggravated by staying out in the open air, or when the person is exposed to jarring motions, and when he or she is under any physical exertion, the person also dislikes being touched, and staying in cold and humid conditions. The presence of one or more symptoms in the patient requires the immediate utilization of Hamamelis as a homeopathic remedy in the treatment of the condition.
Ledum is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of patients suffering from bruises where the area of injury is heavily bruised, and may turn purple. The affected area can be puffy and could feel cold to the touch, the condition of the patient often improves in cold conditions. The remedy can be used in the treatment of bloodshot and black eyes.
The remedy can also be used in the treatment of bruises that develop at the sites of puncture wounds, and in the case of bites. The remedy can also be used in the treatment of large bruises or hematoma that occurs during fractures in the bones. The person displays symptoms such as physical weakness, and a numb and cold sensation in the injured area. The skin suffers from continued discoloration, for a long period of time and even when the pain or inflammation has disappeared.
The condition of the patient greatly worsens in the nighttime and when the person is moving about, the condition of the patient is also aggravated when he or she stays under warm covers or is exposed to the open air. Alternately the condition of the patient greatly improves if some ice is applied to the site of injury and if he or she takes bath using cold water. The presence of one or more of the symptoms requires the immediate use of Ledum as a homeopathic remedy in the treatment of the patient.
Ruta is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of all types of bruises that occur in areas of the body with little muscle or fat deposition, such as the bony areas covered thinly only by skin-examples include the elbow, the shins, the ankles, and also the wrist, the knee, and the spinal column. The remedy can also be used in the treatment of bruises that occur in the tissues that cover the bones-the periosteum.
The remedy can also be used to treat all manners of bruising that occur as a result of sprains and dislocations, because of fractures, or the bruises that occur along the joints or because of cartilage injury within the body. Physical symptoms can include the presence of soreness, and bruised, aching sensations along the site of injury, the person may suffer from extreme restlessness.
The remedy can also be used in the treatment of swelling because of inflammation at the site of the bruise. The condition of the patient can greatly worsen if the person is exposed to cold air and to drafts, or if he or she is in damp conditions, or if excess pressure is brought on the skin, the condition can also be aggravated by lying down. The condition of the patient can greatly improve if the patient experiences some warmth and when he or she moves about. The presence of one or more of these symptoms requires the immediate utilization of Ruta in the homeopathic treatment of the person.
Topical measures can be tried out at the initial state of treatment itself as a first aid treatment following injury, use cold wraps or compresses made from healing clay, from quark or the leaves of cabbage, when these are applied directly onto the site of injury, they will soothe and relieve the pain felt in the area. Icepacks can also be used as a first aid measure to treat cases where severe swelling occurs in the area. To bring about a reduction in the swelling and pain, a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a small towel can be held directly on the bruise for about ten minutes.
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Bromelain, 500 mg thrice daily between meals.