Miniature Roses' Species

With their elfin scale and ever-widening range of colors and forms, miniature roses appeal to gardeners of all ages. Their small size makes it possible to grow an extensive rose garden in a tiny space, either indoors in containers or outdoors in beds and borders. Most will bloom all year under indoor lighting, and most are winter hardy outdoors.

Everything about a miniature rose is small, from its flowers and leaves to the length of its canes. The tiniest miniatures, called micro-minis, grow as small as 3 inches high. Larger types range in height from 10 to 30 inches, depending on variety. Some have tiny, high-centered flowers resembling those of hybrid teas; others have decorative flowers produced in sprays like small floribundas.

When the first miniature roses appeared early in the 18th century, they were prized as curiosities. In recent years, however, miniature roses have been playing an increasingly important role in the garden, enabling roses to appear in all sorts of new applications.

For the owners of small gardens, these dwarf roses have obvious advantages. But the miniatures also make a handsome edging for a larger bed, and they fit neatly into a window box or hanging basket. They fit the scale of a rock garden, and the climbing types work well as ground covers.

Despite the delicacy of their appearance, the miniatures can be quite hardy. Tolerance for cold varies from cultivar to cultivar. Even in colder regions, these low-profile shrubs often survive the winter without damage if buried under an insulating blanket of snow or covered with evergreen boughs. Their ability to nestle into the still spot at the foot of a wall, where they will escape dehydrating winds, makes miniature roses a good choice for the desert Southwest.

'Avandel' Roses (Introduced - 1977)
Pointed pink buds open into double yellow flowers blended with peach and pink. Blooms have 20 to 25 petals and measure 1 to 1 1/2 inches across, with open flowers being flat to cup shaped. They repeat well all summer and have a strong, fruity fragrance. Bushy plants grow 12 inches high and are extremely winter hardy. The disease-resistant leathery foliage is medium to dark green.

'Beauty Secret' Roses (Introduced - 1965)
Medium red flowers with 24 to 30 petals are 1 to 1 1/2 inches wide and have a heavy fragrance. They repeat quickly throughout the growing season. Semi-glossy medium to dark green foliage clothes the bushy plant, which grows 10 to 18 inches tall.

'Black Jade' Roses (Introduced -1985 )
The darkest red of any rose, 'Black Jade' rose is so dark it is almost black. High-centered, velvety, 3/4-inch flowers have 30 petals and long cutting stems. Rounded 18- to 24-inch plants have glossy, dark green, disease resistant foliage.

'Brass Ring' Roses (Introduced - 1981)
Pointed buds open into flat blooms that appear in large sprays. The very prolific 1 - to 1 1/4-inch flowers have 21 petals, and are coppery orange fading to rose-pink as they age. Leaves are small, pointed, and glossy on upright, 18-inch plants with arching stems.

'Center Gold' Roses (Introduced - 1981)
Originally introduced as a fund-raiser for the American Rose Center, the American Rose Society's headquarters, 'Center Gold' rose has high-centered, deep yellow; very double 1-inch flowers with 60 petals and a spicy fragrance. This rose occasionally produces white flowers. Blooms appear one to a stem or in large sprays on 14- to 18-inch plants with glossy, textured leaves.

'Centerpiece' Roses (Introduced - 1985)
High-centered, velvety,  1- to 1 1/4-inch flowers with 35 petals have a slight fragrance and excellent substance, making them long lasting in the garden or as a cut flower. Flowers are deep to medium red; disease-resistant leaves are small, dark green, and semi-glossy. Plants grow 12 to 16 inches tall.

'Cinderella' Roses (Introduced - 1953)
A truly miniature rose, 'Cinderella' grows on a scale small enough to fit into the crevices of a rock garden and is at home in a hanging basket or window box. The full, double blossoms are officially described as white, but in fact they have a rosy blush to them when they open and then pale as they age. Like the other popular classes of everbloomers, the miniature roses are often lacking in fragrance, but 'Cinderella' is an exception, for its blossoms have a robust, spicy perfume.
This rose's diminutive stature should not discourage the owners of large properties from including it in their plantings. Used as an edging or set in the front of a flower border, 'Cinderella' rose has no trouble holding its own.

'Cuddles' Roses (Introduced - 1978)
Oval buds open into deep coral-pink, very double, flowers with 55 to 60 petals. The flowers are high-centered, 1 to 1 1/2 inches across, and slightly fragrant. Excellent substance makes this a long-lasting flower. Compact plants grow 14 to 16 inches high.

'Cupcake' Roses (Introduced - 1981)
As pure pink as the icing on a cupcake, this variety has double, 1 1/2-inch, high-centered, mildly fragrant flowers with 45 to 50 petals. The 12- to 18-inch plants are neat, rounded, and compact with abundant shiny foliage, and good for containers.

'Debut' Roses (Introduced - 1988)
Named because it was one of the first three miniatures to win an MRS award (the others were 'New Beginning' and 'Pride 'n' Joy'), 'Debut' rose has pointed buds and high-centered flowers that bloom prolifically on spreading, 12- to 18-inch plants with dark green, disease-resistant foliage. Flowers are 1 to 2 inches across, have 15 to 22 petals, and are ivory to pale yellow with a broad red edging.

'Dee Bennett' Roses (Introduced - 1988)
This brilliant apricot variety was named for the late Dee Bennett, a hybridizer of fine miniatures. Its 1-inch flowers are double, with excellent substance, making this a long-lasting flower in the garden or in a vase. Dark green foliage covers a mounded, 14- to 18-inch plant.

'Dreamglo' Roses (Introduced - 1978)
Long and pointed, the buds of 'Dreamglo' open to double flowers. Each bloom bears about 50 white petals that are blended and tipped with red. The blooms are borne singly, appearing abundantly in midseason and repeating well. They have the classic high-centered hybrid tea form. The 1 1/2-inch-wide blossoms are lightly fragrant and very long lasting; leaves are small, glossy, and dark green.
This vigorous rose has a compact, upright habit and is an excellent choice for the foreground of beds and borders. This rose is disease resistant.

'Gourmet Popcorn' Roses (Introduced - 1986)
The flowers of 'Gourmet Popcorn' are semi-double and pure white with golden centers -just like kernels of buttered popcorn, in fact -and they are borne in large clusters throughout much of the growing season. This is an excellent compact border or landscape shrub with very disease-resistant dark green foliage. It is also exceptionally cold hardy, overwinter 'Gourmet Popcorn' without any artificial protection; the rose's small stature allows it to hide beneath the natural insulation of a blanket of snow.

'Green Ice' Roses (Introduced - 1971)
Green flowers provide an arresting accent for the flower garden, especially when they are as shapely as the blossoms of 'Green Ice'. Its pointed buds open into high-centered, fully double, white blooms that mimic in miniature the classic form of the hybrid tea. Though they open icy white, they gradually darken to a pleasing soft green. The foliage is attractive, too: delicate and glossy.
This shrub's lax habit of growth lends itself to training along a low wall or fence, but it also shows to good advantage when displayed in a hanging basket. 'Green Ice' fits easily into a rock garden and makes an unusual edging plant. For a bolder statement, mass several plants together.

'Holy Toledo' Roses (Introduced - 1978)
Double, slightly fragrant flowers have 28 petals and measure 1 1/2 to 2 inches across. The outstanding characteristic of this mini is its unusual color, a bright orange to deep apricot with a yellow base. Vigorous, bushy plants grow 18 to 24 inches tall and have shiny, dark green, disease-resistant leaves. Unfortunately, 'Holy Toledo' rose is tender where winters are cold.

'Hombre' Roses (Introduced - 1982)
High-centered flowers of light apricot-pink have petals with a light pink reverse. The 1-inch blooms, with over 40 petals, open out flat. Compact plants are 12- to 14- inches high with small, medium green, semi-glossy leaves.

'Humdinger' Roses (Introduced - 1976)
'Humdinger' rose is a micromini and therefore a good choice for containers. The very double, 1-inch flowers have 50 petals and good repeat bloom. Blooms are orange-red and high centered. Plants grow only 8 to 10 inches high and have dark green, shiny leaves.

'Hurdy Gurdy' Roses (Introduced - 1986)
The blossoms of 'Hurdy Gurdy' are dark red with white stripes. Each small double bloom has 26 to 40 petals and a light fragrance. Medium green glossy leaves are also small.
This miniature has an upright habit and is a good choice for an edging. It is effective when placed in the foreground of a rose bed or incorporated into a perennial border. This rose can also be grown in containers or in a patio planting. Deadheading the spent blooms will encourage its flowers to repeat through the summer. The rose is heat tolerant and disease resistant.

'Irresistible' Roses (Introduced - 1989)
The perfectly formed double flowers of 'Irresistible' rose are white with a pale pink center and are produced on long stems. Borne singly and in clusters, the high-centered blooms have more than 40 petals each and put off a moderate, spicy fragrance. Hips are green to yellow brown, and leaves are medium green and semi- glossy.
Plants are upright and larger than most miniatures. They are well suited to growing in beds, borders, and containers. Their abundant production of long-stemmed hybrid-tea-type blooms makes them ideal for flower cutting and exhibiting.

'Jean Kenneally' Roses (Introduced - 1984)
'Jean Kenneally' bears hybrid tea-shaped, double, apricot blooms, singly and in clusters, repeatedly throughout the summer and into the fall. These flowers are lightly scented and make excellent cut flowers.
Tall and robust for a miniature, 'Jean Kenneally' adapts well to a container, but it can also serve as a compact shrub in the landscape at large. This rose makes an exceptionally beautiful low flowering hedge, and several plants can be massed together to give it a stronger presence in a mixed planting of shrubs and flowers. Like most miniatures, 'Jean Kenneally' also works well as an edging.

'Jeanne Lajoie' Roses (Introduced - 1975)
Considered by many to be the best climbing miniature rose. Aside from its vigor and good health, this rose is remarkable for the sheer number of its flowers; though individually small, as a group they cover the bush at the peak of its bloom. 'Jeanne Lajoie' keeps reblooming, too, throughout the growing season. The blossoms are markedly fragrant, a quality that is too often lacking among miniatures.
This rose can be cultivated as a beautiful, long-blooming low hedge or trained up a trellis or fence as a climber. If allowed to sprawl, this rose makes a most attractive ground cover.

'Jennifer' Roses (Introduced - 1985)
Delicate light pink 1 1/2- inch flowers with a white reverse have 35 petals, hybrid tea form, and a heavy fragrance. Dark green, semi-glossy foliage covers bushy, spreading, 18- to 24-inch plants.

'Jim Dandy' Roses (Introduced - 1988)
A successful product of amateur hybridizing, 'Jim Dandy' is a bright orange-red with a yellow base. Blooms are high centered, double, and 1 inch across. Medium green foliage covers the 18- to 20-inch plant.

'Julie Ann' Roses (Introduced - 1984)
High-centered, vermilion to orange-red 1-inch flowers have 20 petals and a pleasing fragrance. Leaves are small, medium green, semi-glossy, and disease resistant, and cover bushy, 12- to 14-inch plants.

'Kingig' Roses (Introduced - 1987)
This popular miniature produces medium-sized high-centered flowers singly or in sprays of three to five. Each double blossom has about 18 petals that are light pink with a light or dark pink reverse. As they mature, flowers fade to creamy pink. The matte leaves are medium in color and size, and canes bear slightly crooked white prickles. Hips are oval and green.
Upright 'Kingig' bushes can be combined attractively with other plants in borders and beds, or can be used as edgings or grown as container specimens.

'Kristin' Roses (Introduced - 1992)
This is another miniature rose that has received commendations from growers in both North and South. The carmine-tipped white blossoms are long-lasting and borne one to a stem, making this an excellent source of very refined cut flowers.
Like many others of the more recent introductions, this miniature rose is a more robust shrub than the midgets of years past. In fact, 'Kristin' is the equal of many polyantha roses in size, and like them it should be regarded as a compact landscape shrub. This rose also makes an exceptional accent for a flower border, as 'Kristin' won't tower over its neighbors.

'Lavender Jewel' Roses (Introduced - 1978)
Pointed buds open into high-centered, 1-inch, slightly fragrant, clear soft lavender flowers with 35 to 40 petals. As the flowers mature, they open flat. Sometimes petals are edged in magenta. Leaves are dark green, on compact, bushy plants that grow 10- to 15- inches high and wide.

'Linville' Roses (Introduced - 1989)
The pointed buds of 'Linville' rose open to double white flowers that have a touch of pink in them. As the blooms age, they become pure white, though in cool weather they tend to retain their pink tones. High-centered flowers are usually borne singly on long stems and produce a light, fruity fragrance. The leaves are medium green and semi-glossy; stems bear straight, pink prickles.
Plants are upright and tall for a miniature, with a medium growth rate. They are useful as edgings, in beds or borders, and as container specimens in a large pot. Flowers are good for cutting and exhibiting.

'Little Jackie' Roses (Introduced - 1982)
Light, orange-red, high-centered 3/4- to 1-inch flowers with a yellow reverse have 20 petals and are very fragrant. As the blooms open, the petals reflex back to form points. Plants grow 18- to 24- inches tall and have medium green, semi-glossy foliage.

'Littlest Angel' Roses (Introduced - 1976)
One of the finest of the microminis, 'Littlest Angel' has medium to deep yellow, 1/2-inch, high-centered flowers with 28 petals. The low, compact, bushy growth reaches heights of only 4- to 8- inches. 'Littlest Angel' rose is best grown in partial shade if grown outdoors, especially in hot climates.

'Loving Touch' Roses (Introduced - 1982)
The apricot blooms of 'Loving Touch' are large for a miniature, especially in cool weather. Flowers are double with about 25 petals each and are produced in abundance, mostly one per stem. Each bloom is high centered with a light fragrance. Leaves are medium green and semi-glossy. The rose produces pretty, globular hips.
Plants are bushy and spreading, well suited to beds and borders and for use as edgings. They also are beautiful as patio and container plants. Flowers are excellent for cutting and exhibition.

'Magic Carrousel' Roses (Introduced - 1972)
The semi-double flowers of 'Magic Carrousel' rose are creamy white and brightly tinged with red. This bold and attractive color combination and the fact that the rose blooms profusely have made it one of the most popular miniatures grown. Each flower is 1 3/4 to 2 inches across and bears a light scent. Leaves are small, leathery, and glossy.
'Magic Carrousel' has a spreading habit and should be pinched back to avoid legginess. This rose is useful in beds and borders, as an edging, and in containers. Plants are easy to grow and disease resistant. The flowers are frequently used by florists for boutonnieres.

'Mary Marshall' Roses (Introduced - 1970)
Named for an avid amateur miniature rose grower, 'Mary Marshall' rose has 1 1/2-inch flowers of deep coral with pink, yellow, and orange overtones. Long lasting on the plant or as cut flowers, the slightly fragrant blooms have 24 to 30 petals and a high-centered form. The bushy, winter hardy plant grows 14 inches tall; there is also a climbing form that can reach 5 feet in height. Medium green, semi-glossy leaves have better-than-average disease resistance.

'Minnie Pearl' Roses (Introduced - 1982)
This versatile miniature can serve as an outstanding border or edging shrub, and its small but perfectly formed blossoms make striking cut flowers.
Comfortable in a container or a window box, this rose, like the other miniatures, is perfectly suited to the needs of gardeners with small properties. 'Minnie Pearl' is also an excellent rose for older gardeners who find conventional roses too much of a strain on their backs: by planting this particularly compact miniature into a pot and setting it up on a waist-high wall or other support, they can take the stooping out of their rose cultivation.

'New Beginning' Roses (Introduced - 1988)
One of the first three miniatures to win an MRS award (the others were 'Debut' and 'Pride 'n' Joy'), 'New Beginning' rose has hot orange blooms with a yellow reverse. Its 1 1/2-inch very double flowers have 45 to 50 petals. Rounded plants grow 14- to 20- inches high and have disease-resistant, dark green leaves.

'Night Hawk' Roses (Introduced - 1989)
Long lasting when cut, this variety's 1-inch flowers have 25 petals and are high-centered in form and velvety crimson in color. Plants grow 18- to 24- inches high with deep green foliage that is bronzy green when new.

'Nozomi' Roses (Introduced - 1968)
Although its foliage and flowers are diminutive, this rose's canes are long, so this rose is classed as a climbing miniature. The flowers, which are borne in abundant clusters throughout most of the summer, are single, pearly pink, and star-shaped.
A spreading habit makes 'Nozomi' appropriate for display in a hanging basket, cascading over a wall, or climbing a trellis or other support. This rose can also be allowed to weave itself through perennials in a mixed border, and when grafted as a standard, it makes a superb tree rose. Though hardy enough for northern gardens, 'Nozomi' also flourishes in the Southeast.

'Old Glory' Roses (Introduced - 1988)
Double flowers with 30 to 35 petals are 1 to 1 1/2 inches across and colored medium red with a touch of yellow at the base of the petals. The high-centered flowers are long lasting when cut and bloom prolifically over dark green leaves on 16- to 20- inch plants.

'Over The Rainbow' Roses (Introduced - 1972)
Vigorous, bushy plants grow 14- to 18- inches high and have flowers that are red on the insides of the petals and yellow-orange on the reverse. Double blooms are high-centered, slightly fragrant, and 1 to 1 3/4 inches across, appearing above medium green, leathery leaves.

'Pacesetter' Roses (Introduced - 1979)
Elegant pointed buds open into pure white, very double flowers with 45 to 50 petals and long cutting stems. The fragrant, high-centered flowers are 1 to 1 1/2 inches across. Disease-resistant, dark green foliage clothes this compact 18- to 24-inch bush.

'Paper Doll' Roses (Introduced - 1992)
The light apricot flowers of 'Paper Doll' rose have a pale pink blush that fades first to light amber and then to white. Each semi-double bloom has 15 to 25 petals and is 1 3/4 to 2 3/4 inches across. Occurring in small clusters of three to five, blooms are plentiful throughout the growing season. They have no fragrance. Leaves are small, dark green, and glossy.
Plants are low growing but upright. They can be incorporated into a perennial border, placed in the foreground of a rose bed, or used as an edging or container plant. Their disease resistance is good.

'Party Girl' Roses (Introduced - 1979)
'Party Girl' produces long, pointed buds that open into soft apricot-yellow high-centered blooms. Borne singly or in clusters, each flower is 1 to 1 1/2 inches across and bears a pleasant, spicy fragrance. Leaves are dark green and glossy.
This miniature is bushy and compact-and very versatile. This rose makes a lovely potted plant, indoors or out, and it's well suited for mixing into perennial borders or for edging a rose or shrub garden. The flowers are outstanding for cutting and exhibition. Plants are hardy and disease resistant.

'Peaches 'N' Cream' Roses (Introduced - 1976)
Very double blooms have 50 petals and measure 1 1/2 inches across. The flowers are a blend of peachy pink and creamy white and are slightly fragrant. The form is high-centered, and the flowers repeat quickly all summer. Bushy plants grow 15- to 18- inches high, have dark green, semi-glossy foliage, and are very winter hardy.

'Peach Fuzz' Roses (Introduced - 1990)
This variety is one of the "mossed" miniatures; as with moss roses, its buds and stems are covered with soft hairs. Buds are peachy apricot-pink and open into 1 1/2-inch fragrant flowers of the same color that have 25 to 30 petals. Rounded plants grow 14- to 20- inches tall and have glossy, disease-resistant foliage.

'Pierrine' Roses (Introduced - 1988)
The high-centered double flowers of 'Pierrine' are colored medium salmon pink with a lighter reverse. Blossoms are borne singly, and each has about 40 petals. Their fragrance is reminiscent of damask roses. Leaves are medium green and semi-glossy, with serrated edges; stems bear light green curved prickles. Hips are round, and range in color from green to orange-yellow.
This plant is a moderate grower with an upright habit. Its diminutive size makes it most useful as an edging or container specimen.

'Plum Dandy' Roses (Introduced - 1991)
The plump, pointed buds of 'Plum Dandy' open to cup-shaped medium lavender flowers that are a lighter shade toward the base of the petals; flowers fade to light lavender with age. Each very double bloom is 1 1/2 to 2 inches across and bears a fruity fragrance. Foliage is medium green and semi-glossy.
Plants are moderate growers. They are compact and bushy, with a somewhat spreading habit, and are useful for tucking into small places to add color to a shrub bed or perennial border. They are excellent for containers.

'Popcorn' Roses (Introduced - 1973)
This plant's sprays of tiny, pure white buds and flowers do indeed look like popped corn. The honey-scented, 1-inch semi-double flowers have 13 petals set off by bright yellow stamens. Winter-hardy plants grow 10- to 14- inches high and have medium green, shiny foliage.

'Puppy Love' Roses (Introduced - 1978)
Pointed buds open in a mélange of pink, coral, and orange on 1 1/2-inch flowers. The slightly fragrant blooms have 23 petals and are almost always borne one to a stem. The leaves are dull green and disease resistant, covering compact, 15- to 18-inch plants.

'Rainbow's End' Roses (Introduced - 1984)
'Rainbow's End' rose produces 1 1/2- inch double flowers that are deep yellow with red petal edges. As the blooms age, they turn completely red. The flowers have the classic hybrid tea form and are nearly scentless. Leaves are small, dark, and glossy.
This miniature rose is upright and well branched, making it an excellent choice for edging a bed or walkway. This rose can also be incorporated into perennial borders and makes a fine container specimen, indoors or outside. Plants are hardy and disease resistant.

'Razzmatazz' Roses (Introduced - 1981)
High-centered, 1- to 1 1/2-inch blooms of smoky orange-red to coral have 25 to 30 petals and appear in sprays above semi-glossy foliage on 18- to 24-inch plants.

'Red Cascade' Roses (Introduced - 1976)
To class a 15 ft (4.5m) rose as a miniature seems ridiculous, but 'Red Cascade' is diminutive in everything but the length of its canes. The leaves are small, leathery, and dark green, and the flowers, which measure just an inch (2.5cm) across, are a dark, rich red. This rose is outstandingly vigorous: fast-growing and in bloom virtually all season, this rose thrives even in less than ideal circumstances. It's equally effective as a cascading shrub or climbing a pillar or fence.

'Red Flush' Roses (Introduced - 1978)
Oval buds open into cupped, very double flowers in light to medium red; blooms are 1 1/2 inches across with 50 to 55 petals. Dull green, disease-resistant foliage covers the compact, 16- to 20-inch plant.

'Regine' Roses (Introduced - 1989)
Hybridized by an amateur, 'Regine' rose is a high-centered miniature of soft pink blended with light pink to cream on the reverses of the petals. The 1-inch flowers with 25 petals grow on rounded 14- to 20-inch plants.

'Ring of Fire' Roses (Introduced - 1987)
Disease-resistant, 16- to 20-inch plants have 1- to 1 1/2-inch flowers of glowing yellow edged with fiery red, making the plants appear orange from a distance. Flowers are high-centered and long lasting when cut.

'Rise 'n' Shine' Roses (Introduced - 1977)
The 1 1/2- to 2-inch blossoms of 'Rise 'n' Shine' rose are a bright, clear yellow, providing a dramatic contrast with foliage that is dark and glossy. The buds are long and pointed and open to high-centered flowers with 35 petals. Blossoms are borne singly or in clusters continuously throughout the summer, with a good repeat. They bear little fragrance. Plants are upright and well branched, forming a short, rounded bush. They are perfect for edgings and containers and can easily be incorporated into beds or borders. They are easy to grow and disease resistant.

'Sequoia Gold' Roses (Introduced - 1987)
Named in honor of the fiftieth anniversary of Ralph Moore's nursery, Sequoia Nursery, 'Sequoia Gold' rose blooms profusely with 1 1/2- to 2-inch fragrant, medium yellow flowers that do not fade in the heat. Plants grow 14- to 18- inches high.

'Simplex' Roses (Introduced - 1961)
Pure and simple as the name implies, 'Simplex' rose is a single-flowered miniature with five white petals set off by showy yellow stamens. When grown indoors or in cool, cloudy weather, the flowers have either a yellow or a pink hue. Blooms are 1 1/2 inches across on a 15- to 18-inch plant that has light green, semi- glossy foliage.

'Snow Bride' Roses (Introduced - 1982)
'Snow Bride' is a prolific bloomer with long, pointed, hybrid-tea-type buds opening to l 1/2-inch double flowers with high centers. Petals are white with just a hint of yellow, and they surround yellow stamens. Leaves are semi-glossy and dark green.
This vigorous miniature is easy to grow. Compact and well branched, it may be used as an edging or incorporated with other plants into a bed or border. 'Snow Bride' is also a perfect container plant. The flowers are excellent for cutting and exhibition.

'Starglo' Roses (Introduced - 1973)
Double, off-white flowers that often develop a yellowish green tinge have 35 petals and are 1 3/4 inches across. The flowers are high-centered, with a slight fragrance. Plants grow 10- to 14- inches high and tend to sprawl along the ground, clothed in medium green foliage.

'Starina' Roses (Introduced - 1965)
The lightly fragrant, bright orange-scarlet flowers of 'Starina' are touched with yellow at their base. They are double with a classic hybrid tea form; each is 1 1/2 inches across and has about 35 petals. Blooms appear continuously during the season. Foliage is small and glossy.
Plants are upright, bushy, and compact, usually about a foot tall and wide. Exceptional as a uniform edging, they are also attractive in beds and borders with perennials and shrubs, and grow well as container plants.

'Tipper' Roses (Introduced - 1987)
Named for Tipper Gore, wife of Senator Albert Gore, Jr., of Tennessee, 'Tipper' rose has 1 1/2-inch, high-centered flowers of medium pink with 20 to 25 petals. Blooms usually appear one to a stem, although occasionally they will cluster. Plants grow 22- to 30- inches high.

'Toy Clown' Roses (Introduced - 1966)
1 1/2-inch flowers with 12 to 20 petals are white with red edges. Pointed buds open into high-centered flowers that spread out flat. Spreading 10- to 14-inch plants have dark green, red-tinged leaves.

'Valerie Jeanne' Roses (Introduced - 1980)
Round buds open into deep magenta-pink, very double, 1 1/2-inch flowers with 55 to 60 petals. The high-centered blooms open flat and appear one to a stem or in large sprays. The 15- to 18-inch stems are covered with shiny foliage and long, straight, thin thorns.

'Winsome' Roses (Introduced - 1985)
Deep magenta blooms are high centered, 1 1/2 to 2 inches across, with 35 to 40 petals and excellent substance. Medium to dark green, semi-glossy, disease-resistant leaves clothe vigorous 16- to 22-inch plants.

'Zinger' Roses (Introduced - 1978)
Actually a semi-double rose with 11 petals, 'Zinger' rose opens so flat that it appears single. Its bright red, slightly fragrant petals are set off by yellow stamens on 1 1/2-inch blooms. Plants grow 12- to 18- inches high, with medium to dark green, glossy leaves.


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