Another family of roses to emerge at about the same time as the
Bourbons was that of the Noisettes. These had their beginnings in America.
Here again the China rose was involved, this time mating with the Musk rose,
This is a class of garden roses native to the United States, for the first
Noisette roses sprang from a seedling raised by John Champneys, a South Carolina
rice planter, sometime around the year 1811. Known as 'Champneys' Pink Cluster',
this rose was seized upon by a neighbor, Philippe Noisette, who sent it to his
brother Louis, a nurseryman in France. And so the progeny of John Champneys'
rose appeared under French names and were classed as Noisette roses.
Descendants from the first Noisette rose vary both in stature and floriferousness.
Most start their flowering rather later than, for example, the
Bourbons, and many repeat or flower virtually
continuously throughout the summer. The noisette roses are less resistant to
blackspot and mildew then the
tea and China roses, and they should be reserved for
open, sunny spots with good air circulation.
Vigorous and long limbed, the Noisette roses make fine climbers or sprawling
shrubs. Their fragrant flowers tend to be small - 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 in (3.8 to 6.4
cm) in diameter - but are borne in clusters in late spring and intermittently on
- 'Celine Forestier' Roses (Introduced - 1842)
- The flattened, very double flowers of 'Celine Forestier'
are creamy yellow with darker peach or pink tones. Their
petals form a quartered pattern and surround a green
button eye. The intensely fragrant blooms usually
occur in small clusters of three to four and are of very high
quality. The plant is almost always in flower throughout
the growing season. Foliage is light green.
This rose is not as vigorous or as large as most noisette roses, and it takes a
while to become established. This rose performs best in southern climates,
growing against a warm wall or trained as a small, free-flowering climber on a
pillar or fence. This rose tolerates summer heat and humidity.
- 'Jaune Desprez' Roses (Introduced - 1830)
- True yellows were rare among garden roses of the last century,
because almost none of the species native to Europe bears
flowers of that color. So the appearance of this yellow-flowered
Noisette created something of a stir in gardening circles in 1830.
The flat, semi double flowers are not a pure yellow, but instead a
lovely soft apricot with slight rose shadings. Because they are very
sweetly scented, try growing this rose on an arch where you can
stand under it and let the perfume surround you.
- 'Lamarque' Roses (Introduced - 1830)
- Though its parentage is identical to that of 'Jaune Desprez',
'Lamarque' produces large, fragrant double flowers. Borne in
clusters, they are white with just a touch of pale yellow at their
centers. This rose is known for blooming well into the fall and for
quickly covering any support it is offered. It is also notably long-lived:
one specimen recently discovered in San Antonio, Texas, has
been reliably dated to the year 1890.
One of the best climbing roses for growing in the Southeast,
'Lamarque' provides almost year-round color where winters are
mild. Despite its antique origins, this is definitely a rose with
- 'Madame Alfred Carriere' Roses (Introduced - 1879)
- The 3- to 4-inch gardenia-like double blooms of 'Madame
Alfred Carriere' rose are creamy blush white. Produced in
clusters on upright stems, flowers are full, loosely formed, and
globular, appearing in midseason and repeating well into
fall. They are very fragrant. Leaves are large and light
green, and canes are thorny.
Like most noisette roses, this rose is a climber, and a vigorous one. The
nodding habit of the blossoms makes it a good choice for viewing from below, as
on a pergola, arch, or wall. This rose can also be trained as a shrub for a bed or border.
Tolerant of partial shade, summer heat, and humidity, it's
also fairly disease resistant.
- 'Maréchal Niel' Roses (Introduced - 1864)
- Long, pointed buds open into double 3- to 4-inch flowers of golden
yellow that bloom profusely and repeatedly; strongly fragrant of
a mixture of violets and tea. The flower stems have weak necks,
making the blooms tend to droop. The very vigorous, climbing
growth produces plants 10 feet high. Like most noisette roses, this rose is very
tender where winters are cold.
- 'Nastarana' Roses (Introduced - 1879)
- The semi-double blooms of 'Nastarana' rose are white tinged
with pink and appear in large clusters on new wood. Each
flower is about 2 inches across and bears a pleasant tea rose
fragrance. Flowering repeats well throughout the season.
Leaves are smooth, oval, and medium green.
Plants are very vigorous, with an upright habit. They
prefer an open, sunny site but are tolerant of partial shade.
They also tolerate poor soils, summer heat, and humidity,
but may require winter protection. They may be
susceptible to mildew and black spot.
- 'Natchitoches Noisette' Roses
- The original identity of this found old rose is a mystery. Although
definitely an old-timer, it was unknown until Bill Welch discovered it growing on an old gravesite in
Natchitoches, Louisiana. The rose's parentage is unknown, but its
medium-size, cupped, light pink flowers borne in clusters are
typical of Noisettes, and so is its tendency to flower throughout the
year. Accordingly, this foundling has been fairly securely labeled.
Whatever its origins, 'Natchitoches Noisette' is an outstanding
shrub with a neat, compact habit of growth, a light but pleasant
fragrance, and exceptionally
- 'Reve D'Or' Roses (Introduced - 1869)
- The pendulous, globe-shaped flowers of 'Reve d'Or' are buff yellow with a
hint of salmon. Flowers become lighter as they age; stamens are dark yellow. The
blooms are loosely double and fragrant. Flowering begins in the spring and
recurs intermittently throughout the season. In some areas,
flowering is best in fall. Leaves are coppery when young,
maturing to a glossy, rich green.
Canes bear few prickles. This rose is a vigorous grower, suitable for a warm,
sunny spot in the garden. This rose has a climbing habit and is a good choice
for training on a wall or pillar. This rose tolerates summer heat and humidity.