Shrub, Introduced - 1985
The climbing hybrid tea 'Aloha' is one of the parents of the rose variety known as 'Abraham Darby'. Hence, you may grow this rose in the form of a large shrub and with some training the plant will also grow excellently as a climber. These roses are large and double-capped and have an apricot-pink hue suffused with yellow. They are excellent for covering a wall or trellis and spread fragrance in your garden.
Similar to most other varieties of English roses, 'Abraham Darby' also blends an old-fashioned appearance and perfume. At the same time, it possesses the ever blooming attribute of any modern day rose. Growing this variety of rose in the temperate regions of the Midwest and Northeast is an excellent choice. It is also a wonderful choice for growing in the Pacific Northwest, Mid-Atlantic States and the Southwest.
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Hybrid Tea, Introduced - 1973
'Admiral Rodney' roses are soft and have a light rose-pink hue. On the reverse side, the petals' coloration is deeper. The blooms of this variety of rose are extremely fragrant. Each bloom of 'Admiral Rodney' measures anything between 4 inches and 6 inches in diameter and has 45 petals that are arranged in a lovely high-centered shape.
The foliage of this rose variety is deep green, large and glossy and they are capable of resisting most of the rose diseases, barring rust. 'Admiral Rodney' plants grow up to a height of about 4 feet and demonstrate excellent winter hardiness. The flowers are at their best during their maiden flush of bloom.
Alba, Introduced - prior to 1867
The blooms of this rose variety are comparatively small, measuring about 2 ½ inches (6.3 cm) to 3 inches (7.5 cm) across. However, they are heavily packed with each flower comprising roughly 200 petals. In addition, they have a genuinely heady fragrance. Similar to all other albas, this rose cultivar is just one-blooming. However, the flowers present color in the latter part of their blooming season providing a crop of beautiful hips.
'Alba Maxima' blooms were a much loved theme of the Renaissance painters. However, this rose cultivar gained infamy as a mark of the exiled Stuart kings of Britain. This rose variety has been cultivated since long and in present times, it is not only popular for its beautiful appearance, but also because it is very hardy and possesses the ability to sustain even in complicated growing conditions, which also includes partial shade.
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Shrub, Introduced - 1989
The 'Alba Meidiland' cultivar bears white flowers with a tinge of pink. This plant blooms continually and each flower of 'Alba Meidiland' rose is a two-inch double bloom that shows in small clusters. The plants of 'Alba Meidiland' grow up to a height of 2 feet and spreads over an area of 6 feet. These plants are effective when grown as a ground cover or cultivated in a massed. 'Alba Meidiland' is a shrub-like plant having small, but deep green foliage.
Alba, Introduced - prior 1600
This rose cultivar is also referred to as the White Rose of York. 'Alba Semi-Plena' roses are basically semi-double white hued blooms measuring about 2 ½ inches in diameter and having outstanding golden colored stamens. These flowers appear in clusters and produce very potent old garden fragrance. The 'Alba Semi-Plena' is in bloom only once in a year - midseason. The flowers have elongated orange-red hips which come into being in the later part of summer and fall. The foliage of this rose cultivar is greyish-green.
The stems of 'Alba Semi-Plena' are sturdy and arched that grow into a vase-shaped form. You can grow these plants as an isolated shrub for using them as borders or as a specimen. Alternatively, the 'Alba Semi-Plena' plants can be trained to grow as a climber on any wall, a fence or trellis. Similar to all other alba roses, this cultivar can endure some amount of shade and, at the same time, it is rather hardy and resistant to diseases.
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Rambler, Introduced - 1900
The yellow buds of 'Alberic Barbier' appear in cluster and when in full bloom, the flowers have a creamy white hue with a yellowish tinge. The blossoms are semi-double as well as double and they are anything between 2 inches and 3 inches in diameter, bearing a mild, fruit-like fragrance. 'Alberic Barbier' plants bloom profusely at the onset of summer and sometimes they repeat in fall, but not always. The leaves of this rose cultivar are dark green and are almost evergreen appearing on purplish canes.
These ramblers are quite easy to grow, but they need plenty of space. A cane of 'Alberic Barbier' may grow up to a height of 20 feet in only one season. You can grow this plant on pillars or fences after some training. Alternately, they can be used for covering a building, particularly in regions where there is no mildew problem.
When the canes of this cultivar are tied, sometimes they may produce lateral stems which curve downward presenting a very graceful display. In addition, you may also grow this rose cultivar in the form of a ground cover. It is worth mentioning here that the plants of 'Alberic Barbier' are very resistant to diseases and also possess the ability to endure some shade as well as dry, hot climatic conditions.
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Rambler, Introduced - 1921
The flowers of 'Albertine' have a vivid orange-pink hue with a golden base. These double blooms appear profusely in clusters during summer. The flowers are cupped and heavily fragrant displaying a stunning show that continues for about three weeks. As the flowers age, their color fades to a soft blush pink. The leaves of this rose cultivar are shiny green having coppery-red tones. The canes of 'Albertine' have several prickles with hook-like at the tip.
The 'Albertine' is an enthusiastic rambler that grows very rapidly and can be trained easily to grow on a pergola, trellis or arbor. You can also grow this rose as a separate or isolated shrub. This rose cultivar is susceptible to mildew once the flowering is over. On the other hand, they possess the ability to resist diseases.
Shrub, Introduced - 1956
It is interesting to note that the breeder of this rose cultivar produced real gold, which alchemists in olden times could just dream of. The 'Alchymist' plants are tall and frail and you may grow them in the form of a shrub or even a cascade of arching canes. Alternatively, you may also tie the canes and train them to grow as a climber on a pillar. As the name suggests, the flowers of 'Alchymist' have golden connotations, but the yellow color is blended with apricot giving the flowers succulent warmth.
The blooms of this rose cultivar are quartered. In other words, the petals are assembled in a cruciform, giving the flowers an old-fashioned appearance, while the shrub has an ancient look. 'Alchymist' blossoms profusely at the onset of summer, but the plants bear very few or no flowers at all during other time of the year. Similar to other Kordes shrubs, 'Alchymist' is also remarkably cold hardy.
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Hybrid Tea, Introduced - 1970
Many hybrid tea roses are commonly criticized as their flowers do not have any fragrance. However, 'Alec's Red' is an exception that proves that all tea hybrid roses do not lack fragrance. Flowers of this rose cultivar are headily aromatic. Their flowers are not only very large, but the color of their petals varies from cherry red to crimson. In general, an 'Alec's Red' rose measures about 6 inches (15 cm) in diameter and they comprise 45 full petals.
Compared to other tea hybrid rose plants, 'Alec's Red' is stockier and if you prune them appropriately, they can turn out to be ideal border plants, especially in places where the climatic condition is cool and the growth of the plants have a tendency to be more compact. On the other hand, if grown in warmer climatic regions, the plants have a propensity to grow upright and vigorously. Such robust growth makes the plants ideal for training them to grow up a pillar or a fence. You may also train the plants to grow against a wall.
Moss, Introduced - 1855
At times, people confuse 'Alfred de Dalmas' rose to another cultivar of roses known as 'Mousseline'. This flowers of rose variety appear in clusters and are double, light pink, aromatic, measuring anything between 1 inch and 2 inches. These flowers bleach to become white when they are grown under the hot sun. The plants are compact and sprawling, growing up to a height of anything between 2 feet and 3 feet. The plants have numerous thorns and have repeated blooms. However, this cultivar is not very prolific.
Shrub, Introduced - 1990
This rose cultivar bear wonderful flowers and is very prolific. 'Al That Jazz' has shiny, deep green foliage, which are extremely resistant to diseases. The flowers appear to be outstanding with such an attractive background. The buds open to flowers having 12 petals and the flowers are anything between 5 inches and 6 inches across. The blooms have a coral-salmon blend and their fragrance is moderately damask. Each 'All That Jazz' plant grows up to a height of about 5 feet.
Hybrid Tea, Introduced - 1949
'Aloha' bears cup-shaped flowers that are double or very double. Each flower measures about 3 inches to 5 inches in width and are extremely fragrant. These flowers appear in abundance early in the season and again in fall. In between, they have a rather good production. The petals of 'Aloha' have a clear rose pink hue in the inner side, while they are deep pink on the reverse side. In the center, the flowers have a warm orange-pink shade. 'Aloha' has dark, shiny and leathery foliage.
While 'Aloha' has been classified under the climber group of roses, plants of this rose can also be grown in the form of upright shrub. Alternately, you may display the nodding quality of the flowers by growing the plants against a wall so that one may view the flowers from below. Similarly, you may also grow the plants on a pillar to show the beauty of their blooms. Flowers of 'Aloha' are excellent for cutting.
Climber, Introduced - 1966
'Altissimo' bears large, single blooms that measure anything between 4 inches and 5 inches in diameter. Each flower comprises seven deep blood red, velvety petals that encircle the vivid yellow petals. The flowers appear in small clusters; sometimes singly on new as well as old growth. These plants start flowering at the onset of summer and repeats flowering all through the season.
While the flowers have a light fragrance, they last for a long time and their color doesn't fade. Blooms of 'Altissimo' make excellent cut flowers. The foliage of this variety of rose has a dark green hue and the plants bear large leaves.
Generally, 'Altissimo' plants are classified as climbers and are perfect for growing on fences, trellises and even pillars. In fact, you can also grow this rose cultivar as a separate or isolated shrub that is upright. The plants have vigorous growth, can tolerate heat and are resistant to diseases.
Rambler, Introduced - 1902
The 'American Pillar' bears single blossoms each comprising five petals. The flowers have a carmine-pink color with golden hued stamens. The blossoms appear only once in midsummer and they almost cover the entire plant. The flowers appear in large clusters and they are not fragrant. The leaves of this rose cultivar are large, leathery and have a dark green color, while the canes are prickly and green.
The 'American Pillar' plants are very vigorous and grow up to a height of 20 feet. They can be ideally used as climbers on any fence or arbour. Similar to other types of ramblers, this rose cultivar may be susceptible to mildew.
Climber, Introduced - 1976
This rose derives its name from the fact that it was named to honour the bicentennial of the United States. 'America' bears double blooms that measure anything between 3 ½ inches and 5 inches and appear in profusely all through the season. These flowers have high centers and are coral colored. They have a potent fragrance, which is also spicy. The foliage of 'America' is dark, leathery and somewhat glossy.
These plants grow upright and are bushy in nature. 'America' is a good choice for training so they can grow on fences, pillars and walls. The flowers of 'America' rose appear on new as well as old shoots and you can cut these long-lasting flowers for indoor arrangement. It is easy to grow 'America' rose. These plants are hardy and, at the same time, resistant to diseases.
Floribunda, Introduced - 1972
'Anabell' roses are showy, very fragrant and measure anything between 3 inches and 4 inches. They have an orange-salmon hue combined with silver. Each flower comprises 30 petals and these blossoms are an archetypal example of hybrid tea rose shape. The plants of 'Anabell' bloom throughout the summer large scattered, tidy and neat plants, which grow up to a height of anything between 2 feet and 3 feet. These plants are not only winter hardy, but also resistant to disease that affect roses.
Floribunda, Introduced - 1968
'Angel Face' produces pointed buds that open to form 4-inch double flowers, with lavender-mauve petals that are ruffled and encircled by golden hued stamens. These flowers may be flat or cup-shaped and appear continuously all through the growing season in sprays, which include all the stages of bloom right from the bud to fully open blooms. 'Angel Face' rose has a portent, fruit-like fragrance and are displayed excellently against their glossy, deep green foliage. 'Angel Face' makes wonderful cut flowers.
The 'Angel Face' plants are short height and grow up to a height of only 2 feet to 3 feet. These plants are compact grow densely, but have a tendency to spread somewhat. This attribute of the plants make them ideal as hedge plants or growing them along borders or in beds. While the plants can resist diseases to some extent, they are often troubled by mildew and black spot in certain areas.
Floribunda, Introduced - 1965
The flowers of 'Apricot Nectar' are cup-shaped and they appear in three or more clusters all through the growing season. These double blooms measure anything between 4 inches and 4 ½ inches wide and have a lovely combination of apricot and pink hues with golden centers. The 'Apricot Nectar' flowers have an intense fruity and apricot fragrance. These plants bear leaves that are glossy, deep green and leathery.
The 'Apricot Nectar' plants are robust, compact and bushy. These plants have an extended flowering season and this makes them very useful when grown in borders or beds - either massed or singly. They are somewhat resistant to a number of diseases and also susceptible to black spots.
Grandiflora, Introduced - 1971
Many consider the 'Aquarius' rose to be among the most excellent grandiflora roses. 'Aquarious' blooms quite freely during the period between spring and till the frosting starts. They produce small sprays that have as many as five double blooms, which are very fragrant. The buds of 'Aquarius' are deep pink colored, and open up to blended 4-inch flowers that have a pink-and-white hue. These flowers have high centers and the plant's foliage is leathery and large.
'Aquarius' plants are vigorous, upright and upright. These plants are ideal for growing in beds as well as borders. The flowers, on the other hand, are useful for cutting. The plants are very resistant to diseases that affect roses.
China, Introduced - prior to 1837
This China rose is fascinated worldwide owing to its changeable color. Initially, the petals of the full flower have a crimson color, while it is white or light pink at the center, which becomes darker gradually to turn into a solid, rich hue. Depending on the sun's intensity, the rate at which the color of the flowers changes varies. The color of the petals turns darker in the presence of strong sunlight. The buds of 'Archduke Charles' do not open all at once, but one after another. Interestingly, the same bush of 'Archduke Charles' may bear flowers of different colors. This makes this rose variety all the more fascinating.
Grandiflora, Introduced - 1975
Similar to the blooms of a desert sunset, the blooms of 'Arizona' rose are a affectionate combination of bronzy orange and golden yellow. The blooms have a high centre and each flower comprises anything between 25 and 30 petals that measure 2 inches to 4 inches in diameter. The flowers have a potent, sweet fragrance. The plants are tall, straight and each plant grows up to a height of 5 feet to 6 feet. The plant produces glossy, leathery, bright green leaves that nicely contrast with the blooms. Nevertheless, the 'Arizona' rose is a stingy bloomer and rather winter tender.
Shrub, Introduced - 1962
This rose cultivar is most suitable for northern gardeners, particularly the Canadians inhabiting the Prairie Provinces. In fact, these northern gardeners claim that they have introduced and hence it is one of their own varieties. 'Assiniboine' was introduced by the Modern Research and Development Center situated in Manitoba. However, it is not necessary that this rose will appeal to patriotism because the gardeners just south of the border will appreciate this healthy, hardy, reliable shrub equally.
'Assiniboine' rose shrubs can survive unprotected even in intense cold conditions. On the other hand, the sole fault (if at all it can be named as one) of these plants is that they rebloom sporadically. In other words, 'Assiniboine' blooms in surge instead of appearing continuously. These shrubs as well as the flowers are not very attractive like those of other hybrid tea varieties, but it is certainly worth waiting for the flowers to bloom. They have a wine red hue, are large and semi-double.
Shrub, Introduced - 1986
'Ausburn' rose is also referred to as 'Robbie Burns'. These are very small modern shrub rose variety bearing small and single flowers. Each flower comprises five petals. Similar to most of the English roses that were bred by David Austin, this rose reminds one of the old-fashioned varieties. 'Ausburn' blossoms have a commanding fragrance and a traditional character. The flowers are pale pink and white at the center. The foliage comprises small leaves and an average matte green.
The diminutive size of 'Ausburn' rose actually makes the flowers a useful addition to borders and beds, where they can be utilized in the foreground. This variety of rose is highly effective when they are planted in clusters.
Damask, Introduced - ancient
The 'Autumn Damask' is a very old rose variety that blooms profusely. The clear pink flowers of this plant are very fragrant and blossom in spring. Subsequently, they have scattered blooms all through the summer as well as fall. Each flower measures about 3 ½ inches in diameter and the centers are deeper and double. 'Autumn Damask' is also referred to as 'Quatre Saisons' and this variety have been utilized in breeding both the hybrid perpetual and bourbons. The foliage of 'Autumn Damask' is pale greyish-green.
The plants of 'Autumn Damask' are rigorous, grow up to a medium height and have a tendency to spread. 'Autumn Damask' plants are quite hardy and possess the ability to endure pruning compared to several other varieties of damask rose. The flowering season of this rose variety is very long and this makes them valuable for growing in borders or beds. This rose has a potent wine fragrance, which makes it ideal for making potpourri.
Shrub, Introduced - 1933
The 'Autumn Delight' is a hybrid musk that produces fragrant, single flowers with red stamens. Each flower measures about 3 inches across. They appear in large clusters and bloom throughout the summer. The plants of this variety of rose grow up to a height of 4 inches to 5 inches.
Miniature, Introduced - 1977
The pointed buds of 'Avandel' rose open into double yellow colored flowers that have a blend of pink and peach. Each flower comprises anything between 20 and 25 petals and measure about 1 inch to 1 ½ inches in diameter. The open blooms are either flat or cup shaped. The plants repeat flowering throughout the summer, while the flowers emit a potent, fruit-like fragrance. 'Avandel' is a bushy plant that grows up to a height of 12 inches and they are very winter hardy. The foliage is leathery and its color varies from medium to deep green. The foliage of this variety of rose is extremely resistant to diseases.