The English roses tend to be more expansive in our sunnier
North American climates than in their native Britain, so fitting
them into a small garden can be difficult. 'Fair Bianca', however,
offers a good solution to that problem. Even at the Huntington
Botanical Gardens in San Marino, California, where many of the
English roses perform more like climbers than shrubs, 'Fair Bianca'
roses remains a compact, reblooming shrub. Its heirloom-type flowers are
fully double and cupped, with small green eyes at the center. The
perfume is powerful and reminiscent of anise.
'Fantin-Latour' Roses (Centifolia)
Although 'Fantin-Latour' has a relatively short bloom period
and does not repeat, the quality of the blossoms makes up
for their short season. Each 2- to 3-inch very double flower is
composed of 200 petals, giving it the full appearance
typical of centifolia roses. When it first opens, the pale blush
pink bloom is cupped; it then flattens as it matures. The
blossoms emit a delicate fragrance. Leaves are dark green,
and canes are nearly smooth.
'Fantin-Latour' plants produce arching canes that
usually reach 5 feet in height and a little less in spread. They
perform well in a bed or border where their late-spring
flower display is breathtaking. This is a very hardy rose, but
its disease resistance is only moderate.
'Fashion' Roses (Floribunda, Introduced - 1949)
Oval, deep peach buds open
into lively coral-peachy pink flowers with 20 to 25 petals and a
sweet fragrance. The 3 1/2-inch blooms appear in large sprays on
vigorous, 3-foot plants. This variety has found its way into the
parentage of many of today's floribundas.
As a group, the alba roses are large shrubs, and their vigorous
growth can overwhelm a small garden. 'Félicité Parmentier' is
an exception, a more mannerly shrub that doesn't jostle its
neighbors. Its blossoms are one of the sweetest pleasures of early
summer. Borne in clusters, they are a soft pink in color, saucer-shaped,
and "quartered" -the petals are clustered so as to form four
distinct quadrants within the circular flower -and the center of each
is a green "eye", rather like the button at the center of an
overstuffed sofa cushion. When not in bloom, this shrub provides a
visually restful mass of attractive gray-green foliage.
The cupped double blooms of 'Ferdinand Pichard' rose are
fragrant and colorful. Ranging from 2 1/2 to 4 inches across,
each flower bears pink petals splashed with white or
crimson stripes, and as the blossom ages its pink fades to
white and the crimson to purple. Flower clusters appear in
abundance in early summer and again in the fall with
sporadic blooms in between. Foliage is yellowish green, and
canes are nearly thornless.
This rose has an upright, compact habit and is ideally suited to beds. This rose
does especially well with regular fertilizing and copious watering and should be
pruned heavily in winter. While fairly resistant to mildew, this rose is susceptible
to black spot.
The blossoms of this shrub do not look like those of the
typical rugosa; in fact, they do not look like roses at all, but
instead resemble pale pink carnations. But 'Fimbriata' is a typical
rugosa in its toughness, for this shrub tolerates not only extreme
cold but also poor soils and light shade. It isn't just disease
resistant; it's virtually disease free.
The spicily perfumed blossoms, clean foliage, and dense,
relatively compact growth make 'Fimbriata' an excellent accent in a
perennial border. Its hardiness and adaptability make this shrub a
good choice for the northern gardener with a challenging site.
'Fire King' Roses (Floribunda, Introduced - 1959)
Oval buds open into sprays of fiery scarlet to orange-red very double flowers with 50
petals. High-centered when they first open, the flowers finish flat
and 2 1/2 inches across. Blooms have a musky fragrance, and the foliage is dark
green and leathery. Plants are bushy and 4 to 5 feet high.
This rose has good winter hardiness but is somewhat mildew prone.
The pointed coral-orange buds of 'First Edition' open
to luminous coral-rose blossoms with orange tints. The
petals surround yellow anthers. Flowers are double,
2 to 2 1/2 inches across, and lightly fragrant, and they are
borne in flat-topped clusters. Their color deepens in cool
weather. Foliage is glossy and medium green.
The bushes are vigorous and upright. They are suited to
many uses, including beds and borders, low hedges, and
containers. Flowers are excellent for cutting and
exhibition, and the plants have good disease resistance.
Gorgeous large pointed buds open to high-centered rosy
pink flowers with ivory centers. Each 5- to 6-inch double
blossom has 25 to 35 petals. These are borne singly or in
small clusters on strong stems and are mildly fragrant. Leaves
are dark and leathery.
'First Prize' rose has an upright habit and can be very effective in a bed or
border, where it will produce abundant flowers all summer. The classical form of
its huge buds and open blossoms and its long vase life make it an ideal
selection for cut flowers and exhibitions. This rose is tender and fairly
resistant to black spot.
'F. J. Grootendorst' rose produces clusters of up to 20 small,
scentless, crimson flowers throughout the growing
season. Individual blooms are double and have a carnation like
appearance with fringed petals. The abundant foliage
is somewhat coarse, leathery, and dark green. This rose has
given rise to several sports, including 'Pink Grootendorst',
which has soft pink flowers; 'White Grootendorst', whose
white blooms are borne on a considerably smaller plant;
and 'Grootendorst Supreme', whose blossoms are lightly
scented and a deeper red than those of its parent.
This rugosa hybrid is a vigorous grower with a bushy, upright habit.
This rose is easy to grow, tolerant of seaside conditions,
and disease resistant.
One of the best
commercial products to come from an amateur hybridizer, 'Flaming
Beauty' rose has perfect, high-centered blooms of yellow brushed with reddish
orange. The brightly colored double blooms are 4 inches across. Plants are 3 to
4 feet high and slightly spreading, with fair winter hardiness. Watch out for
When this rose was introduced onto the market, it was trumpeted as "the
environmental rose", a shrub that flourished without the protection of sprays.
In fact, it is a hardy, reliable rose where the weather is cool. In the
Southeast, however, this rose is not
immune to blackspot and mildew, and this rose grows best with some
protection from the afternoon sun.
Where it likes the climate, 'Flower Carpet Pink' rose is a terrific shrub to use
as a low hedge or ground cover or to combine with perennials in a mixed border.
The rose bears 1 1/2 in (3.8cm) wide, deep
pink, semi- double blooms in clusters of 15-25 flowers well into the
fall. These late flowers show up vividly against this rose's autumn
foliage of red and bronze.
'Folklore' Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced - 1977)
Breeding vigor and toughness into its roses without sacrificing
beauty has long been a specialty of the German nursery
Wilhelm Kordes Söhne, and 'Folklore' is a fine example of this
art. Its tall, semi-climbing habit makes 'Folklore' an excellent choice
for a tall hedge or barrier, and its tendency to bloom later than
most hybrid teas (with good repeat in the fall) extends the rose
season. The blossoms are large, double, and very fragrant, and the pale
undersides lend a dramatic note of contrast to the orange-pink of
The clusters of loosely double flowers of this popular old climber have been
described as apricot with rose shades, salmon tinged with red, yellow tinged
with copper, and so on. However you describe it, the colors are captivating and
contrast nicely with the delicate, apple green foliage. This rose blooms heavily in
springtime, and thrives in both the Southeast and the Southwest.
Indeed, 'Fortune's Double Yellow' rose has escaped from cultivation to
naturalize in southern California, which testifies to the ease with which this
rose may be cultivated. Although it can be grown as a sprawling shrub,
this rose is most effective as a climber; it is spectacular
when the canes have been trained up into the limbs of an
open-canopied tree, to spill back down to the ground in a curtain of
'Fragrant Cloud' is named for its scent, which is among
the most powerful of all roses and is both sweet and spicy.
The double flowers are 4 to 5 inches across and coral red,
deepening to a purplish red as they age. Blooms are
composed of 25 to 30 petals and are produced in great
numbers throughout the summer. The leaves are large, dark,
The plant is vigorous and upright; its freely branching habit
makes this rose well suited to a border or bed. The rose is
highly valued as a cut flower both for its appearance and
for its perfume. Leaves are subject to mildew.
Introduced in 1974 as 'Jadis', this rose was removed from the marketplace in
1979 because Jackson and Perkins thought the name was too difficult for most
people to pronounce. This rose was reintroduced in
1989 with its present and more evocative name. One of the most
fragrant roses ever hybridized, 'Fragrant Memory' has long,
slender flowers of lively pink with a slight lavender fluorescence.
When fully open, the 25-petaled flower measures 4 1/2 to 5 inches
across. Plants grow 3 to 5 feet tall and have long cutting stems and
This compact rugosa is an ideal candidate for a smaller garden.
Its clove-scented, light pink, single flowers open to reveal knots
of golden stamens at their centers, and they recur throughout the
summer. Indeed, this rose is seldom out of bloom through the
warm-weather months and usually is heavily laden with flowers. In
fall, the flowers give way to large, tomato red hips as the leaves rum
orange or yellow. To ensure a good crop of hips and the best
autumn display, plant another rugosa rose such as the species type
Rosa rugosa alba or R. rugosa rubra nearby, as cross-pollination increases
the fruit production of 'Frau Dagmar Hartopp'.
'Frau Karl Druschki' Roses (Hybrid Perpetual, Introduced - 1901)
This rose produces a great abundance of double
blossoms from high-centered buds in early summer and
repeats the show in fall. The elegant white flower is 4 to
4 1/2 inches across with 30 to 35 rolled petals that display
a touch of lemon yellow at their base. Canes are nearly
smooth, supporting leathery, coarse, light green foliage.
The plant is vigorous and erect, with stout branches and
long, strong stems. The color and form of its flower makes it
useful in combination with other roses, both in beds and
in indoor arrangements. Buds are reluctant to open in damp
weather, and leaves are susceptible to mildew.
This is a somewhat tender rose and is not reliably winter hardy.
In the milder climates of the Mid-Atlantic
coast and the upper Southeast, however, 'French Lace' is a star.
Certainly, the flowers are spectacular. Double, pale apricot to
creamy white, they have the elegant form of a classic hybrid tea. But
the floribunda shows through in the flowers' abundance, for they
appear in generous clusters of up to 12 blooms.
"Spring gold" in German, this variety has very fragrant
pure golden yellow flowers that bloom once a year. The single
flowers (with 5 to 10 petals) measuring 3 1/2 to 5 inches across
appear on vigorous, arching 6- to 8-foot canes. The large, light green
leaves are soft and wrinkled.
The Kordes nursery, Germany's leading producer of roses, has
kept as its goal through several generations of family
ownership to produce roses adapted to northern Europe's often harsh
climate. Yet 'Frühlingsmorgen', despite a robust nature, has a deceptively
delicate appearance. The name means "spring morning ', and in fact this rose is
one of the first to bloom in the spring. With its simple charm,
this rose is reminiscent of a species type, and like the wild
roses, it does not rebloom. (There may be a few additional flowers
later on in the year, but the gardener should not count on this.)
The large, single flowers have rose pink to cherry pink petals with
primrose yellow centers surrounding bright maroon stamens. This
rose makes a fine informal flowering hedge, but it also works well
as a specimen shrub.