Roses In Alphabetical Order

'Mabel Morrison' Roses (Hybrid Perpetuea, Introduced - 1878)
The hybrid perpetuals tend to be tall and ungainly shrubs, but this relatively compact cultivar with its healthy, handsome foliage is a happy exception. 'Mabel Morrison' is not a common rose, but it is one that deserves to be better known. Its large cupped blossoms are extraordinary; they look almost like outsize water lilies. Opening a pale blush pink, the flowers then fade to a pure white throughout most of the season, though fall may turn them a deeper tinge of pink. Pleasantly perfumed, these blossoms make wonderful cut flowers. 'Mabel Morrison' also makes a good addition to a mixed border of flowers and shrubs, especially since it flourishes in a variety of soils.

'Madame Alfred Carriere' Roses (Noisette, Introduced - 1879)
The 3- to 4-inch gardenia-like double blooms of 'Madame Alfred Carriere' rose are creamy blush white. Produced in clusters on upright stems, flowers are full, loosely formed, and globular, appearing in midseason and repeating well into fall. They are very fragrant. Leaves are large and light green, and canes are thorny.
Like most noisette roses, this rose is a climber, and a vigorous one. The nodding habit of the blossoms makes it a good choice for viewing from below, as on a pergola, arch, or wall. This rose can also be trained as a shrub for a bed or border. Tolerant of partial shade, summer heat, and humidity, it's also fairly disease resistant.

'Madame Hardy' Roses (Damask, Introduced - 1832)
In a particularly mild southern California winter, this rose may not experience enough chilling to produce any flowers the next spring.
This popular damask bears clusters of large, very double, fragrant white flowers, each with a green eye at its center. Aside from its flowering, this rose is remarkable for its adaptability. This rose grows well in the Southeast, at the Minnesota Landscape Arboretum, and is one of the shrubs you'll find flourishing in abandonment in the ghost towns of the California gold country.

'Madame Isaac Pereire' Roses (Bourbon, Introduced - 1881)
Although the magenta flowers of 'Madame Isaac Pereire' appear throughout summer, they do not reach their peak until fall. Each double bloom is anywhere from 3 to 6 inches across, depending on climate, with quartering petals that are rolled at their edges. The fruity-scented blossoms are possibly the most fragrant of all roses; they may be dried for potpourris. The abundant foliage is large, dark green, and semi-glossy.
Plants are bushy with a somewhat spreading habit. They can be grown as freestanding shrubs or pegged; a climbing version that grows to 12 feet can be trained on a trellis or fence. Flowers are superb for cutting. Plants are vigorous, tough, and hardy, and will tolerate poor soil. A color sport of this rose, 'Madame Ernest Calvat', produces pale lavender-pink flowers.

'Madame Legras de St. Germain' Roses (Alba, Introduced - 1846)
The very double, 3 1/2-inch blooms of 'Madame Legras de St. Germain' are white with a rich, creamy center and bursting with 200 petals. The plants flower once per season and remain in bloom for several weeks, although the blooms don't stand up well to wet weather. Their sweet fragrance is very strong. Soft gray-green foliage provides a lovely foil for the flowers. Canes are nearly smooth.
This rose is a vigorous grower and can be maintained as a 6- to 7-foot shrub or trained on a support, in which case it can reach 12 to 15 feet. Its habit is upright and arching. The plant is well suited to beds, where it combines nicely with perennials. Flowers are good for cutting. This rose tolerates partial shade and is disease resistant.

'Madame Pierre Oger' Roses (Bourbon, Introduced - 1878)
This sport of 'La Reine Victoria' is identical to it in all respects except that its flowers are blush pink, developing a rosy cast as they open.

'Madame Plantier' Roses (Alba, Introduced - 1835)
The very double blooms of 'Madame Plantier' are creamy white, with a green button eye. Borne in large clusters, the 2 1/2- to 3-inch flowers completely cover the plant in early to midseason; they do not recur. Blooms are somewhat flattened, and they are extremely fragrant. Leaves and stems are a light gray-green.
A vigorous grower, this rose has a spreading, lax, bushy habit suitable for large gardens. As a shrub it can easily spread to 6 feet wide, and it can also be trained to climb a pillar or trellis. 'Madame Plantier' is very hardy as well as disease and shade tolerant.

'Madame Violet' Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced - 1981)
This robust, 4- to 5-foot plant with gray-green, semi-glossy foliage is somewhat more disease resistant than average. Its high-centered, 3- to 4-inch flowers, which usually bloom in sprays, have 45 petals and open into a perfect spiral in shades of lilac with a pink tint. Plants bloom sparsely but are fairly winter hardy.

'Magic Carrousel' Roses (Miniature, Introduced - 1972)
The semi-double flowers of 'Magic Carrousel' rose are creamy white and brightly tinged with red. This bold and attractive color combination and the fact that the rose blooms profusely have made it one of the most popular miniatures grown. Each flower is 1 3/4 to 2 inches across and bears a light scent. Leaves are small, leathery, and glossy.
'Magic Carrousel' has a spreading habit and should be pinched back to avoid legginess. This rose is useful in beds and borders, as an edging, and in containers. Plants are easy to grow and disease resistant. The flowers are frequently used by florists for boutonnieres.

'Maiden's Blush' Roses (Hybrid alba, Introduced - 1797)
Pale blush pink, double, globular, fragrant 2- to 3-inch flowers fade to white and bloom once a year on long, arching canes with blue-green leaves. Plants grow 4 to 8 feet high. This variety is sometimes called 'Small Maiden's Blush' to distinguish it from a second similar variety called 'Great Maiden's Blush'.

'Malaguena' Roses (Shrub, Introduced -1976)
Double flowers with 28 petals are 4 inches wide, shallowly cupped, slightly fragrant, and pale to medium geranium pink. Spots like freckles appear on the inner petals. Blooms appear heavily early in the season and intermittently the rest of the season. Foliage is large, dark green, and leathery, and covers an erect, bushy, 3- to 4-foot, very hardy plant.

'Maman Cochet' Roses (Tea, Introduced - 1893)
The pointed, globe-shaped buds of 'Maman Cochet' open to 4-inch high-centered blossoms. Each double flower consists of 35 to 45 petals that are colored light pink with a lemon yellow base; the flower color deepens in bright sun. Blooms are very fragrant and are nicely set off against leathery deep green foliage. Canes bear few thorns.
This old garden rose is a vigorous grower with an upright, bushy habit. Its attractive foliage and steady production of flowers make it a good choice for beds and borders. This rose tolerates summer heat and humidity and is disease resistant.

'Ma Perkins' Roses (Floribunda, Introduced - 1952)
A vigorous, compact bush, this rose is as exciting now as it was when it first appeared on the market almost half a century ago. Its flowers are unusual for a floribunda: shell pink flushed with apricot and cream, they are deeply cupped, more like those of an old-time Bourbon rose in form than a typical floribunda. The blossoms are also fragrant, a virtue that is lacking in many other floribunda roses.
The foliage of this rose is a deep, glossy green, and the shrub itself though vigorous, is compact. 'Ma Perkins' makes a useful accent for a border, an excellent container plant, and a handsome flowering hedge.

'Marchesa Boccella' Roses (Hybrid Perpetual, Introduced - 1842)
'Marchesa Boccella' (also known as 'Jacques Cartier') produces large, full flowers in repeat flushes throughout the growing season. Each very double bloom is delicate pink with blush edges. Borne in tight clusters on short, stiff stems, they are very fragrant. The petals are more numerous but smaller than those of most hybrid perpetuals. Foliage is dense and bright green.
One of the finest of the class, this rose is a robust grower with a medium to tall erect form and is somewhat spreading. Its recurring flowering habit and lush foliage are suited to large beds and borders.

'Marchioness of Londonderry' Roses (Hybrid Perpetual, Introduced - 1893)
The huge, fragrant flowers of 'Marchioness of Londonderry' are ivory white with a pale pink to rose pink blush. They open from high-centered buds to cup-shaped, cabbagy double blossoms 4 to 5 inches across. Though not continuous bloomers, the plants produce a fine floral display in spring and fall. Foliage is leathery; canes are nearly thornless.
This hybrid perpetual is a very vigorous grower. The plants have a sturdy, upright habit and are suitable for use in large beds and borders. They can also be trained to a fence or trellis.

'Maréchal Niel' Roses (Noisette, Introduced - 1864)
Long, pointed buds open into double 3- to 4-inch flowers of golden yellow that bloom profusely and repeatedly; strongly fragrant of a mixture of violets and tea. The flower stems have weak necks, making the blooms tend to droop. The very vigorous, climbing growth produces plants 10 feet high. Like most noisette roses, this rose is very tender where winters are cold.

'Margaret Merrill' Roses (Floribunda, Introduced - 1978)
Considered by some to be the perfect floribunda, 'Margaret Merrill' has large, fragrant, blush white double flowers (28 petals ), which begin as hybrid tea-type buds and open very wide, singly and in clusters. These blossoms, which measure 4 in (10cm) across, are unusually large for a floribunda and powerfully fragrant, with a perfume that has been compared to citrus and spice. Although this rose shows some susceptibility to blackspot, it performs well even in a humid climate and is especially valuable as a source of cut flowers.

'Margo Koster' Roses (Polyantha, Introduced - 1931)
The double blooms of 'Margo Koster' rose are globular and 1 to 1 1/2 inches across. Borne in sprays, they are somewhat variable in color, ranging from salmon pink to orange. They have little fragrance. Plants commence blooming late in the season and repeat well through fall. A climbing sport is available. Leaves are gray-green and semi-glossy. Canes bear few prickles.
This rose is bushy and compact, and is often grown as a container plant for both indoors and outside. This rose is disease resistant.

'Marie Louise' Roses (Damask, Introduced - 1813)
The huge, very double blossoms of 'Marie Louise' rose are so heavy they weigh down the ends of the branches. Flowers are a brilliant mauve-pink with reflexed petals that quarter around a green button eye, and their rich scent hints of lemon. When fully opened, the blooms are somewhat flattened. Foliage is dense, and canes have few prickles.
Plants are bushy and compact, making this a useful shrub for beds, borders, and small gardens. This rose has a graceful, arching form. Like other damask roses, this rose is quite hardy.

'Marie Pavié' Roses (Polyantha, Introduced - 1888)
With pink buds that open into clusters of fragrant, creamy white, semi-double flowers (each only 2 in [5. 1 cm] wide), 'Marie Pavié' rose is both dainty and charming when in bloom - and it's generally in bloom from late spring right through to fall. This rose is also versatile: with some pruning, this rose makes an excellent container plant. Left to grow unchecked, a row of them can create a handsome low hedge. And because it is free of both thorns and diseases, this is an excellent rose to plant in the kitchen garden.

'Marie van Houtte' Roses (Tea, Introduced - 1871)
The Rose Rustlers of central Texas, a colorful and enthusiastic association of antique rose collectors, used to call this cultivar the "hole rose",  because they first found it growing in a roadside depression beside an abandoned shed. It is a testimony to this rose's toughness that it coped so successfully in a climate that alternates between flood and drought, and did so in such a carefree way.
A vigorous tea rose that is inclined to sprawl, 'Marie van Houtte' bears large, round, very double, nodding, pale yellow flowers. A tinge of rose pink at the petal tips lends these flowers a special distinction.

'Marijke Koopman' Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced - 1979)
The long pointed buds of this flower open into satiny pink, 4-inch flowers with 25 petals. The fragrant blooms usually appear in sprays of three to five and rebloom prolifically throughout the summer. Foliage is dark green and leathery, growing along stems with conspicuous red thorns. The vigorous plants reach about 4 feet in height.

'Marina' Roses (Floribunda, Introduced - 1974)
Long, pointed buds open into 3-inch, high-centered flowers of bright orange-red with a yellow base. The flowers, which have 35 to 40 petals, are delicately fragrant and bloom in sprays on long stems good for cutting. The leathery leaves are dark green and glossy. 'Marina' rose is one of the few roses that grows as well in a greenhouse as it does in the garden. However, this rose is somewhat winter tender.

'Martin Frobisher' Roses (Climber, Introduced - 1968)
The first of the Canadian explorer roses, this cultivar descends in part from the central Asian species Rosa rugosa, and in fact 'Martin Frobisher' is often classified as a hybrid rugosa. However you classify it, this rose shares its forebear's vigor and immunity to cold. This rose may show some susceptibility to blackspot and rust, but in general it is a healthy plant.
The small, very double, soft pink rosettes are borne over a long season. Though 'Martin Frobisher' is technically a shrub, its narrow, upright habit lends itself to training along a fence or pillar.

'Mary Marshall' Roses (Miniature, Introduced - 1970)
Named for an avid amateur miniature rose grower, 'Mary Marshall' rose has 1 1/2-inch flowers of deep coral with pink, yellow, and orange overtones. Long lasting on the plant or as cut flowers, the slightly fragrant blooms have 24 to 30 petals and a high-centered form. The bushy, winter hardy plant grows 14 inches tall; there is also a climbing form that can reach 5 feet in height. Medium green, semi-glossy leaves have better-than-average disease resistance.

'Mary Rose' Roses (Shrub, Introduced - 1983)
This neat shrub has sprays of rich pink, 4- to 5-inch double rosette-shaped flowers with a strong damask fragrance and moderate repeat bloom. Plants grow 4- to 6- feet tall.

'Matador' Roses (Floribunda, Introduced - 1972)
Evoking the excitement of a bullfight, the flowers of 'Matador' rose are flashing scarlet and orange with a golden yellow reverse. The flower is called 'Esther O'Farim' in Europe for a German singer who was a favorite of the introducer. 'Matador' rose has high-centered, slightly fragrant blooms with 25 to 30 petals that open to 2 to 3 1/2 inches across. Ideal for containers and mass plantings, 'Matador' rose has dark green, leathery foliage on a 2- to 3-foot plant.

'Max Graf' Roses (Hybrid Rugosa, Introduced - 1919)
Although the single pink flowers of 'Max Graf' are somewhat modest-looking, they are borne in large clusters rather late in the season, when most other roses are past the peak of their first flush of blooms. 'Max Graf' has been widely used as a low-maintenance ground cover along highways and in urban areas, where it thrives in the most miserable growing conditions. Given the more friendly conditions found in the average garden, the large, dark green, slightly glossy leaves provide an elegant backdrop for other plantings or the shrub's own blossoms.

'May Queen' Roses (Rambler, Introduced - 1898)
This rambler has a profusion of very double, quartered, 2-inch pink flowers with a fruity fragrance that open fairly flat. Plants occasionally repeat their bloom, an unusual ability for a rambler, and can grow to 25- feet. They can be allowed to climb or can be grown as a shrub.

'Maytime' Roses (Shrub, Introduced - 1975)
Carmine-rose to soft coral flowers with yellow bases are single (with 6 to 10 petals), shallowly cupped, fragrant, and 3 1/2 to 4 inches across. Long-lasting flowers appear all summer on bushy, 3- to 4-foot, very hardy plants with dark bronzy green, leathery foliage.

'Memorial Rose' (Species, Introduced - 1891)
The hardiness, vigorous growth, and sweet fragrance of Rosa wichuraiana made it a favorite cemetery planting, where it survived with only intermittent care. As a ground cover for gravesites, it won the name memorial rose; it has also been used as a climbing rose and is a parent of many fine hybrid climbers.
The pyramid-shaped clusters of white flowers open as late as August; each 1 1/2 - 2 in (3.8-5.1cm) blossom has prominent yellow stamens and exudes a fruity fragrance. These are followed by small, ovoid, dark red hips. The glossy, dark green foliage can be almost evergreen in mild winters. The canes are moderately thorny, and when allowed to sprawl, they root where the tips touch the ground, giving rise to new plants; this makes R. wichuraiana the most effective ground cover rose.

'Mermaid' Roses (Climber, Introduced - 1918)
This rose functions like floral white-out. Plant it next to an unsightly shed or an ugly fence and step back. 'Mermaid' rose will take a year or two to establish itself but then it will bury the eyesore with awesome speed, especially in warmer climates. The huge (5 in [13cm]), single, canary yellow blooms have showy golden stamens that remain attractive after the petals have fallen. The impressive thorns make 'Mermaid' an effective barrier but also make pruning a chore; plant this rose where you can let it roam at will.

'Minnehaha' Roses (Rambler, Introduced - 1905)
This rambler has small (1- to 2-inch), semi-double, slightly fragrant, flat flowers of light pink that fade to white and bloom in large clusters once a year. Plants grow 15- to 20- feet high and have small, shiny, dark green leaves.

'Minnie Pearl' Roses (Miniature, Introduced - 1982)
This versatile miniature can serve as an outstanding border or edging shrub, and its small but perfectly formed blossoms make striking cut flowers.
Comfortable in a container or a window box, this rose, like the other miniatures, is perfectly suited to the needs of gardeners with small properties. 'Minnie Pearl' is also an excellent rose for older gardeners who find conventional roses too much of a strain on their backs: by planting this particularly compact miniature into a pot and setting it up on a waist-high wall or other support, they can take the stooping out of their rose cultivation.

'Miss All-American Beauty' Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced - 1967)
Known as 'Maria Callas' in Europe, 'Miss All-American Beauty' rose has 4- to 5-inch cupped flowers with 50 to 60 petals each. The highly fragrant blooms are such a deep pink color that they are almost red. Leaves are leathery on a bushy; 3- to 4-foot plant that is very winter hardy.

'Mister Lincoln' Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced - 1964)
For many rose lovers, 'Mister Lincoln' defines the long-stemmed red rose, and for more than 30 years this cultivar has remained a favorite. An unusually consistent bloomer, this dark red hybrid tea provides a long season of large (5-6 in [12.7-15.2cm]), double flowers with a strong perfume. Supposed to be somewhat prone to mildew in cool climates and shady spots, 'Mister Lincoln' is one of the hybrid teas that perform well in the Southeast.

'Mon Cheri' Roses (Hybrid Tea, Introduced - 1981)
Opening from a bright pink bud, this 1982 All-America Rose Selection has petals whose edges darken to red as the flower matures. The 4 1/2-inch blooms with 30 to 35 petals are more decorative than high centered, and have a light, spicy fragrance. The compact, spreading plants grow 2 1/2 to 3 feet tall. 'Mon Cheri' rose repeats its blooming cycle extremely quickly, has better-than-average disease resistance, and is very winter hardy.

'Monsieur Tillier' Roses (Tea, Introduced - 1891)
An outstanding and accommodating rose for southern gardens, 'Monsieur Tillier' bears a steady stream of quartered, fragrant flowers. Everyone who grows this rose describes the flower color differently, which indicates how complex and subtle is the blending of hues, and underlines the fact that rose color varies with exposure to sunlight and local climate. In general, though, the flowers of 'Monsieur Tillier' open carmine or dark pink with overtones of red, then fade to a brick red or coral pink touched with magenta. One thing is definite: the flowers are memorable.
The foliage of this rose is a pleasant olive green, and the bush itself is relatively compact. Unlike some of its expansive tea relatives, 'Monsieur Tillier' is easy to work into a garden of ordinary suburban scale.

'Montezuma' Roses (Grandiflora, Introduced - 1955)
Urn-shaped buds of this rose open into high-centered, 3 1/2 - to 4-inch, slightly fragrant flowers that are a reddened coral-orange. Blooms have 30 to 35 petals and a slight tea fragrance. Bushy, compact, slightly spreading plants are 4 to 5 feet tall and clothed in abundant dark green, leathery, semi-glossy foliage.

'Morden Blush' Roses (Shrub, Introduced - 1988)
A bit freer in its flowering than some of the other Morden roses, this shrub bears sprays of 2-3 in (5-7.5cm), flattened, double flowers throughout the summer. Despite its name, the flower color is more like the recovery from a blush: the blossoms of 'Morden Blush' open a light peach-pink, then fade to ivory. The foliage is matte green and generally healthy, though in humid eastern summers this rose may show some susceptibility to blackspot. This shrub's low, compact growth, hardiness, and recurrent bloom have earned it a place in smaller gardens and in cold climates, but it's also popular in larger, warmer gardens as well.

'Morden Ruby' Roses (Shrub, Introduced - 1977)
This shrub outdoes itself in early summer with a heavy crop of flowers, then settles in to bloom at a more moderate rate through the rest of the summer and into the fall. The blossoms, which are borne in clusters of 5-10, are large (3 in [7.5cm] in diameter on average), very double, and, as the name suggests, ruby red. Their fragrance is only slight.
'Morden Ruby' rose makes an imposing shrub with a spreading habit even in adverse climates. All in all, this is an outstanding shrub for a landscape specimen or a flowering hedge in a cold, exposed site.

'Mrs. B.R. Cant' Roses (Tea, Introduced - 1901)
Though it will rapidly expand to fill a large proportion of a small garden, this exceptionally vigorous shrub is worth every inch it occupies. This rose blooms virtually all season and is a prolific producer of double, silvery pink blooms; the darker pink on the undersides of the petals creates an elegant contrast. These roses are as handsome in a vase as on the bush, for the blossoms of 'Mrs. B. R. Cant' are the best cut flowers among the tea roses. The ease with which this rose may be grown is proven by the fact that it is one of the South's most common graveyard roses; that is, it is often found flourishing on untended old gravesites.

'Mrs. Dudley Cross' Roses (Tea, Introduced - 1907)
In the shape and color of its blossoms, this rose suggests a daintier version of the famous hybrid tea 'Peace'. The sturdy shrub is compact, especially for the normally expansive tea roses, and its exceptionally disease-resistant foliage is reliably handsome. 'Mrs. Dudley Cross' is also close to thornless, and its pink-tinged, pale yellow flowers are excellent for cutting and indoor display. Like its tea rose relative 'Mrs. B. R. Cant', this rose is a survivor and is frequently found growing in abandoned gardens in the South. Because cuttings of this rose root easily, it is also one of the most commonly collected and shared of the southern heirloom roses.

'Mrs. John Laing' Roses (Hybrid perpetual, Introduced - 1887)
Low growing for a hybrid perpetual, this 3- to 4-foot variety has soft pink flowers that are strongly fragrant. Blooms are 3 1/2 to 4 inches across, have 45 petals, and bloom recurrently during the summer.

'Music Maker' Roses (Shrub, Introduced - 1973)
Double, high-centered, light pink flowers are 3 to 4 inches across and fragrant. They bloom repeatedly in clusters of six to eight. The light green, leathery glossy, disease-free foliage covers bushy, 2- to 3-foot very hardy plants.

'Mutabilis' Roses (China, Introduced - prior to 1894)
'Mutabilis' is aptly named, for its pointed orange buds open into single rounds of clear yellow petals that gradually change to shades of orange, pink, and finally crimson. Flowers of all these colors will adorn a single plant at the same time, and the sight of the fluttering, five-petaled flowers perched on the bush has earned this cultivar the common name "butterfly rose". Even the foliage is exceptional, as the new growth is bronze in hue.

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