Roses In Alphabetical Order
‘C’ part 1
‘Cabbage Rose’ Roses
‘Cabbage Rose’ bears double flowers which are also known as R. centifolia (its botanical name). These flowers have a clear pink hue and richly perfumed. This variety of rose comprises numerous petals, while the blooms are spherical, which are often portrayed in the paintings of European masters in the olden times.
The flowers measure roughly 3 inches across and appear of elongated stems that have plenty of thorns. These flowers may appear individually or in clusters. While the ‘Cabbage Rose’ plants do not re-bloom in their growing season, during the summer months they produce a spectacular display.
The foliage of ‘Cabbage Rose’ is coarse and has a greyish-green hue. ‘Cabbage Rose’ has a tendency to be lax and arching. These flowers are medium-sized, making them very valuable as a shrub garden. In addition, this variety of rose is very hardy.
Gallica, Introduced – 1830
In the beginning of the 19th century, striped and spotted roses were a fashion among gardeners. In fact, J. P. Vibet, a French nurseryman, was considered to be an expert in breeding this type of flowers. The ‘Camaieux’ is known to be among Vibet’s most interesting rose creations, since this rose rose has a wonderful appeal of cloisonné.
The double blooms of ‘Camaiuex’ have a potent fragrance and it appears that these blooms were intentionally create a just the right kind of flattened round. When the flowers open they have a blush white hue with smooth dark pink colored stripes.
As the flowers age, their color fades to mauve purple with white stripes. The remarkable color of the flowers along with the compact and neat shrub, makes the ‘Camaieux’ an extraordinary specimen, which is worthy of being grown in a important place in the garden.
Grandiflora, Introduced – 1964
The specialty of ‘Camelot’ roses is that these flowers last for a prolonged period both in the garden as well as in the form of a cut flower. The cup-shaped blooms of ‘Camelot’ measure anything between 3 ½ inches and 5 inches in diameter and each flower comprises about 40 to 55 petals. The color of the flowers varies from coral to salmon-pink and has a spicy scent.
The blooms appear in sprays. They plants of ‘Camelot’ are bushy and grow up to a height of 5 feet to 6 feet. The plants bear large, dark green, glossy and leathery leaves. These plants have excellent resistance to disease. The ‘Camelot’ plants are somewhat winter hardy.
‘Canadian White Star’ Roses
Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1980
Soon after the petals, numbering anything between 40 and 45 in each flower, open, they quill back in a manner that they form the sketch out of a multi-pointed star and, hence, the name. The blooms of this rose variety measure anything between 3 inches and 6 inches in diameter.
The hybridizer of HT ‘Canadian White Star’, George Mander had reported of a ‘Canadian White Star’ bloom that measured about 7 inches across. The ‘Canadian White Star’ plants grow up to a height of 5 feet to 6 feet and bear leaves that are deep green, partially shiny and leathery.
You can also identify the ‘Canadian White Star’ plants owing to their typically large and hooked thorns. This variety of rose grows best in places having coastal climatic conditions. This is primarily because these plants are unable to tolerate heat well.
‘Candeur Lyonnaise’ Roses
Hybrid Perpetual, Introduced – 1914
The blooms of ‘Candeur Lyonnaise’ appear in a uninterrupted succession from the beginning of the spring and continues till the first hard frost in the area. The buds of this variety of rose are long as well as pointed and they open to form extremely large double flowers, which measure about 5 inches in diameter. The flowers are while, but sometimes they also have a light yellowish tint.
The petals of ‘Candeur Lyonnaise’ have delicately fringed. The plants of ‘Candeur Lyonnaise’ are robust, upright, and majestic and grow up to a medium height. These plants have a prolonged flowering season, which makes them an wonderful shrub of almost all gardens. In addition, they are also excellent source of cut flowers.
‘Cardinal de Richelieu’ Roses
Gallica, Introduced – 1840
Many rose growers claim that the ‘Cardinal de Rchelieu’ is not a genuine gallica. These rosarians argue that there is a hint of China in the smooth, glossy foliage of the plant. However, as far as the flowers are concerned, it can be positively said that ‘Cardinal de Richeliu’ is a genuine gallica.
Gallica flowers have a dark purple color which other roses lack. In fact, the blooms of ‘Cardinal de Richelieu’ are said to be the best examples of such coloration. This coloration creates an unusual and strong contrast when this rose is grown in a garden bed and also when the blooms are used as cut flowers. Individually, the dark purple flowers look exquisite against the dark green leaves of the shrub.
Therefore, it is not surprising that these medium-height shrubs of ‘Cardinal de Richelieu’ are among the gallica roses that are planted most commonly in gardens.
‘Carefree Beauty’ Roses
Shrub, Introduced – 1977
‘Carefree Beauty’, as the name suggests, is the most well known among the ‘prairie roses’ that were bred by Griffith Buck at the Iowa State University. Griffith aimed to blend disease resistant quality with cold tolerant attribute to create a rose that would flower profusely.
This rose variety produces large flowers (about 4 ½ inches or 11.5 cm in diameter) that are semi-double, fragrant and light. These flowers appear in clusters on robust canes and continue to bloom till fall. At the end of its flowering season, ‘Carefree Beauty’ produces an abundant crop of attractive hips.
‘Carefree Delight’ Roses
Shrub, Introduced – 1994
‘Carefree Delight’ has been rightly named because they are able to resist even the most bothersome diseases – black spot, mildew and rose rust. The blooms of this rose variety appear in clusters. Each cluster measures 3 ½ inches (9 cm) across and bear carmine-pink blooms.
Each flower is creamy white in the center and they look strikingly beautiful in the backdrop of dark green foliage. ‘Carefree Delight’ re-blooms several times in one growing season. Similar to other Meidiland roses, ‘Carefree Delight’ was bred by Meidiland family nursery in France.
The best thing about ‘Carefree Delight’ is that they do not need much maintenance – just as much as a lilac or azalea. You just need to provide the plants with one feeding in early spring with a slow-release fertilizer. At the same time, they need some light shaping with pruning shears about a month after the start of the growing season or a little later.
This plant can has very few parallels among roses as far as growing them as a carefree flowering hedge or shrub. In fact, ‘Carefree Delight’ has few equals among any other variety of garden shrubs.
‘Carefree Wonder’ Roses
Shrub, Introduced – 1990
‘Carefree Wonder’ has been bred from ‘Prairie Princess’ – one of the several roses bred by Dr. Griffith Buck. As a result this rose possesses the hardiness as well as disease resistant properties of its parent. These attributes of ‘Carefree Wonder’ is combined with a genuinely magnificent show of blooms. The blooms start opening in sprays, which may vary from one to four, during midsummer.
These flowers are large, double and have medium pink hue. On the reverse, the petals have a paler pink hue and a white eye. When grown in cool weather conditions, the petals of ‘Carefree Wonder’ have a deep pink impression.
The ‘Carefree Wonder’ was the second shrub rose in 1991 that ever won any All-America Rose Selection award. In fact, this rose variety is a wonderful when grown as shrub that requires low maintenance landscape and as a casual, unclipped hedge.
‘Cary Grant’ Roses
Hybrid Tea, Introduced – 1987
The ‘Cary Grant’ rose blooms have a striking vivid orange hue and on the reverse the petals are lighter having an exceptionally high-centered appearance. The flowers have spicy aroma and each bloom comprises as many as 35 to 40 petals and measures about 5 meters in diameter. The stems of ‘Cary Grant’ are admirably firm, especially for cutting. The stems are covered with dark green, shiny foliage. The plants grow up to a height of anything between 4 feet and 5 feet.
Floribunda, Introduced – 1975
The ‘Cathedral’ is named so because this rose variety was dedicated to raise funds for the 20th anniversary of rebuilding the war-torn Coventry Cathedral in England. ‘Cathedral’ is a high-centered rose whose color varies from dark apricot to orange with a tinge of yellow.
The blooms are somewhat fragrant and waxy, each measuring anything between 3 inches and 4 inches. Each ‘Cathedral’ rose comprises as many as 18 to 24 petals. This plant is bushy and grows up to a height of anything between 3 ½ feet and 4 feet tall. The foliage of this plant is dark green to glossy olive.
‘Catherine Mermet’ Roses
Tea, Introduced – 1869
The blooms of this rose open with a blush pink and have lilac hued edges. As the flowers matures, their color changes to soft beige. The inner petals of the flowers are yellow at their base. ‘Catherine Mermet’ flowers are double and measure 3 inches in diameter. These flowers appear individually or in small clusters on the elegant stems of the plant.
The fragrance of ‘Catherine Mermet’ rose is potent as well as spicy. The leaves of this plant have a copper hue when they are young, but become green on being matured. This rose is quite delicate and does some care, such as a well-drained and rich soil and a warm, sunny location. This rose is somewhat tender and often grown in greenhouses.
This plant bears straight, bending canes and is suitable for growing in garden beds, along borders and also as specimen plantings. The blooms of ‘Catherine Mermet’ are ideal for as cut flowers. ‘Catherine Mermet’ requires very light pruning and you should be careful to remove only the weak, dead and spindly canes. This rose can moderately resist diseases and can also endure heat.