Aerial parts, uncovered roots.
The astringent effect of the avens is the reason for the large scale use of the herb in herbal medicine, avens based herbal cures are mainly used to treat disorders that affect the region of the mouth, the region of the throat, as well as problems that affect the gastrointestinal tract of a person. Avens based herbal medications lead to the tightening of soft gums; it can heal canker sores, and makes a really good gargling solution to treat infections in the region of the pharynx and the larynx. Avens based herbal medications also help in bringing about a reduction in the irritation affecting the stomach and the gut. Avens based herbal cures can be used in the treatment of disorders like peptic ulcers, problems such as irritable bowel syndrome, in the treatment of diarrhea and chronic dysentery. The herb is included in many herbal lotions and ointments, these can bring soothing relief from the symptoms of hemorrhoids. Avens can also be made into an herbal douche to treat problems like excessive vaginal discharge; an herbal avens based douche can also be used for general cleansing of the vaginal cavity. One more reputed property of the avens is that it possesses a mild quinine type effect and can supposedly bring relief from an fever by lowering the body temperature.
The avens is native to Central Asia and Europe - in these regions, the avens is a common plant seen on the roadsides. Aerial parts of the herb are collected during the summer months, while the root is dug up during spring. Any well drained and average soil in a garden will be sufficient to grow the avens. However, soil rich in humus and organic matter is generally best to grow the avens - the herb also prefers to grow in the shade. Avens was a widely cultivated species during the 16th century, when it was chiefly grown as a pot herb in gardens. Avens has a clove like fragrance and the bruised or the dried root has a pleasantly aromatic quality. If they are placed at ideal sites in the garden, the growing avens plants will self sow freely and grow in large clumps. This species also easily forms hybrids with the other plants belonging to the same genus and hybrids are very easily obtained. The avens is easy to propagate from seeds; these seeds are normally sown in the spring or the autumn in a cold frame to enhance germination. One the plants germinate and seedlings turn large enough to handle by hand, they are pricked out and separated in individual pots and finally plant outside in the soil during the summer months. The division is done during the spring or autumn months depending on where the plants are grown. This process must be carried out once every three to four years in order to maintain the vigor of the plants. Large clumps of avens plants are very easy to replant directly into the permanent positions they will grow in, while, it is best to pot up the smaller clumps and then to grow them all in a cold frame till all individual plantlets root well in the soil. These single plants can be plant out during the spring season.
In the form of a herbal decoction: mix a single teaspoonful of powdered avens root in a cup of cold water, then boil the water, allowing it to simmer for a period of five minutes at a stretch. Drink a cup of this herbal decoction thrice every day for treating different disorders. In herbal tincture form: avens tincture can be taken in doses of one to three ml thrice daily for a variety of disorders.
The leaves and the flowers of the avens are used to make a mother tincture or sometimes dried and used to prepare an herbal tea to bring general relief from minor infections affecting the mucous membranes. The avens tincture can also be used in the treatment of a variety of conditions: to prepare the tincture, take about twenty grams of powdered avens root and mix this in a cup - 250 ml of alcohol. After the mixture settles, strain the solution with a kitchen sieve and twenty drops of this tincture can be used, thrice daily to treat different ailments. Avens is also used to make an herbal tea or a decoction: to prepare the tea, steep one whole plant in a cup - about 250 ml of water, strain and drink as needed. The avens based herbal remedies can be used to make a skin compress for topical relief from external problems: to make the remedy, boil two whole avens plants in a single cup - about 250 ml of water. Once the herbal preparation has been made, it must be well strained and then applied to external problems. The avens based herbal remedies are very effective in treating problems such as weeping eczema and different types of topical allergies and their symptoms. Avens based tinctures are essentially of two kinds, the avens mother tincture made using vinegar has more dissolved tannins and minerals, while the avens tincture made using alcohol has more of the essential oil found in the herb. The root of the avens is believed to have great medicinal virtue and is preferred in the preparation of many herbal medications, especially due to its astringent quality. The roots of the avens must be scalded and macerated for a few hours before they are used: prepare the herbal tea using a tablespoon or five g of the powdered root, and mix this in two cups -about 500 ml of water, boil the water, strain and drink. The root of the avens acts against poison in food and is also a good antidote for other types of poisoning - such as from excess alkaloids and heavy metal poisoning. The roots of the avens are also effective against diarrhea and related digestive disorders.
The roots of the avens are collected during the spring season, when their content of volatile oils is at the highest level. During July, the aerial parts of the avens are collected - the floral bloom is at its greatest during this month.