Hips, leaves, flowers, essential oil.
The hips/ fruits of the dog rose or Rosa canina enclose high levels of vitamins. Significantly enough, when the dog rose fruits are consumed fresh they not only provide diverse types of vitamins, but also additional nourishing substances in a particular arrangement enabling the body to digest or absorb them without much difficulty. In fact, the hips of the dog rose are widely utilized in preparing the rose hip syrup, especially for consumption by young children. The rose hip syrup is not only healthy, but also a nourishing beverage. Since the fruits of Rosa canina enclose tannins, they are also used to prepare a medication to treat diarrhea. The dog rose hips also possess diuretic properties and hence, they are also recommended to treat water retention by the body, they especially help in increasing the urine outflow. This action of the dog rose fruits also help the body to eliminate the wastes and toxins produced by it. Additionally, dog rose hips are also effective in satiating thirst and assist in alleviating stomach inflammations, such as swelling and pain in the gastronomic tract. Precisely speaking, the petals, fruits as well as the galls (abnormal growths on plants caused by insects etc.) of the dog rose possess therapeutic properties and are used to treat a number of medical conditions. They are carminative (help in alleviating flatulence), astringent, and laxative, diuretic, ophthalmic as well as stimulants. The hips are extensively taken internally to treat conditions, such as influenza, colds, scurvy, gastritis, trivial contagious ailments and diarrhea. The dog rose plants are used to prepare a type of distilled water that is somewhat astringent and commonly used as a lotion for subtle skins. As mentioned earlier, the hips of the dog rose are utilized to prepare the dog rose syrup which has a pleasant taste and is often added to cough mixtures for flavour. The seeds of Rosa canina or the dog rose are known to be vermifuge and help in getting rid of worms from the intestines. In addition, the plant is also used for Bach flower remedies and the catchwords used for prescribing it are 'Apathy' and 'Resignation'. The hips of several species of this genus contain high levels of vitamins and minerals. They are particularly rich in vitamins A, C and E, flavonoids and additional bio-active amalgams. In addition, the hips of the dog rose are also a significant natural resource for fatty acids, something that is very uncommon in fruits. Presently, researchers are studying whether the dog rose hips when used as food are capable of diminishing occurrence of cancers and also whether they are able to stop or reverse the development of cancer cells in the body. The dog rose or Rosa canina plants are useful as an intense and stock-proof hedge, particularly when they are trimmed. The fruits or hips of the dog rose may be consumed raw or cooked. They are widely used to prepare scrumptious jams, syrups and other such substances. In fact, the syrup prepared with the dog rose hips, called dog rose syrup, is highly nourishing and especially good for infants and children. Some people also use the dog rose fruits to prepare an herbal tea. It is interesting to note that frost make the fruits borne by this species of plants softer as well as sweeter. The dog rose hips usually grow approximately 30 mm in diameter, but have a flimsy layer of flesh that encloses numerous seeds. People consuming the dog rose hips raw should do it cautiously by eliminating the hair-like layer beneath the seeds. The seeds of the fruits are an excellent natural source of vitamin E and people often dry and pulverize them before mixing them with flour. In addition, the grounded seeds are also added with other foods and used as dietary supplements. The leaves of Rosa canina are dried and used as an herbal tea, substituting for genuine tea leaves. Some reports claim that the dog rose leaves may also be used as a substitute for coffee! The pink or whitish petals of Rosa canina are also edible and may be consumed raw or cooked. While the petals have a pleasant flavour, the base of the petals may taste bitter and, hence, they need to be removed before eating the petals. In China, people consume the dog rose petals as a vegetable. In addition, the petals of this variety of rose are also used to prepare an extraordinary aromatic jam.
As mentioned above, the dog rose or Rosa canina is native to Europe and the temperate climatic zones of Asia and northern Africa. Usually, the dog rose plant grows in hedgerows or a row of bushes forming a hedge and also as thickets or a thick coppice. Apart from this, the dog rose plants may also be found growing naturally in open areas, such as meadows, pastures and wasteland. The fruits or hips of the dog rose are collected during fall. Rosa canina or the dog rose plants thrive well in damp soils and also grows fine in heavy clay soils. The plants of this species of rose have a preference for circumneutral soil as well as sunlight areas with their roots growing in the shade. However, if the dog rose is cultivated in darkness or profound shadow, they do not bear flowers and fruits. Although, the plants grow well in damp soil conditions, they are averse to soggy soils or arid areas. The plants have the aptitude to withstand exposure to marine conditions. While the fruits or hips of the dog rose draw several species of birds towards them, numerous insects and gall wasps inhabit the plants. The flowers of the dog rose are very aromatic, while the leaves when smashed or bruised, emit an excellent scent. Rosa canina or the dog rose has the aptitude to grow excellently in the company of parsley, lupins, alliums and mignonette. If garlic plants are grown in the vicinity of the dog rose, they help in protecting the plants of this rose species from diseases as well as invasion of insects. However, the growth of dog rose plants is very poor when they are near any boxwood plants. The dog rose plant easily hybridizes with other members belonging to the same genus. However, the plants belonging to this genus are remarkably prone to invasion of the honey fungus.