Leaves, roots, seeds.
Common wireweed is used extensively in the form of a traditional health medicine to treat a variety of health conditions. Aside from its therapeutic uses, this species is also employed in a number of spiritual practices. This herb is used for curing various ailments, very often for treating fever. This plant is administered orally as well as applied topically. For instance, formulations prepared from S. acuta are taken orally for treating fever, while a paste prepared from the plant is applied directly to the skin for treating skin complaints as well as snake bites. This plant may either be used alone or together with other herbs, depending on the disease being treated or the treatment plans of the healers. In traditional herbal medicine, it is frequently believed that S. acuta is useful for treating health conditions like headaches, fever, skin complaints, dysentery and diarrhea. In addition, the oil extracted from this herb is also employed topically with a view to alleviate pain. It is said that this oil is excellent for treating arthritis and other related health conditions. Common wireweed is also used to treat conditions like dropsy. The soothing effects of this plant help to ease the skin. In addition, this herb is a wonderful parturient, which is employed to facilitate child birth. S. acuta is also said to be a useful herb for treating venereal diseases or ailments transmitted during sexual intercourse. It has been established that oral use of S. acuta helps to alleviate the symptoms related to fever. Moreover, this herb is also a useful analgesic and is often prescribed for treating body aches. People practicing natural medicines also use this herb to dress open wounds. Common wireweed is also a general herbal medicine for treating renal problems. This plant is also known to be very effective for treating rheumatism and symptoms associated with this condition. Additionally, S. acuta is also employed for treating nervous disorders. Sida acuta is also useful for curing spermatorrhea, a condition wherein men discharge semen even with no orgasm. This herb is also a natural libido enhancer and is effective for both men and women. This herb is also effective for toning up the heart. The root of this herb possesses astringent properties and, hence, it is effective for treating problems related to the blood as well as bile. Moreover, the root and seeds of common wireweed are useful when used in the form of a tonic to treating urinary and nervous diseases.
As the name suggests, common wireweed is actually a weed widely distributed in the tropical as well as semi-arid regions across the world. Occasionally, this species is also found in the sub-tropical regions and places having warmer temperate climatic conditions. This is an extremely invasive plant, spreading rapidly in pastures, open woodlands, crops, gardens, roadside and waste areas, plantations, disturbed sites and even waterways, for instance the riparian vegetation. Common wireweed is a perennially growing herbaceous plant that has a long life span. It also grows as a small shrub or a semi-shrub and generally attains a height of anything between 30 cm and 100 cm. On some occasions, you may also find this plant growing up to a height of 1.5 meters. Nevertheless, in the wet-dry savannas in the northern part of Australia, common weed often has a short life span and grows as an annual plant. Sida acuta generally reproduces by its seeds, which attach to clothing, animals and various other materials quite readily.
Chemical analysis of the common wireweed (Sida acuta) plant has revealed that the root of this species encloses a number of alkaloids like ephedrine, phenethylamine, betame, hypaphorine, vasicinol, siephedrine, vasicine and vasicinol. Incidentally, all these alkaloids can also be found in the aerial parts of the herb. In addition to alkaloids, the root of this species also encloses alpha-amyrin and a hormone called ecdysterone. The entire common wireweed plant encloses another alkaloid called cryptolepine, which has shown antimicrobial as well as hypotensive activities. The seeds of common wireweed contain 0.26 per cent of these alkaloids, while the roots have just 0.066 per cent alkaloids.