- Cabbage Rose
- Pink Rose
- Provence Rose
- Red Rose
Between the 17th and 19th centuries or perhaps even earlier, rose breeders in the Netherlands developed a variety of hybrid rose called Rosa or the pink rose. This intricate hybrid variety was developed from a number of rose species, including Rosa moschata, Rosa gallica, Rosa damascene and Rosa canina. Nevertheless, the precise history of Rosa’s hereditary has not been documented properly.
Centifolias, more commonly known as Provence Roses or Cabbage Roses, are possibly the most familiar among the Old Roses. In Latin, Centifolia denote ‘hundred-petalled’ and characteristically these roses have an extremely curvy shape like chalice. The petals of these roses are thin like tissues which are packed up to the brim. In fact, they are also called ‘Cabbage Rose’ because their shape is apparently similar to that of a cabbage.
Individually, appearance of these plants is similar to that of the shrubs, often growing to a height of anything between 1.5 meters to 2 meters. The plants have elongated sagging canes and their leaves are green and pinnate, with each leaf having roughly 5 to 7 leaflets. The flowers are curvy as well as spherical having several tissue-thin petals that overlap one another. The petals of Rosa are extremely aromatic and generally they are pink-hued. However, on rare occasions you may find the color of the Rosa petals to vary from white to deep reddish-purple.
Petals, oil, buds, leaves.
There are numerous and varied uses of pink rose. In fact, the history about rose’s use in folk remedies is long, particularly as far as its use in skincare is concerned. Remedial products prepared from pink rose suit almost all types of skin; they are particularly useful for dry, sensitive as well as aging skins. Pink rose possesses astringent and tonic properties and acts on the capillaries located just beneath the surface of the skin making it effective in reducing the redness due to distended capillaries. However, when you buy any product containing rose oil, you should essentially check whether it is genuine. Although several manufacturers claim that their products contain natural rose oil, these products may possibly contain synthetically manufactured rose oil. Keep in mind that the ingredients of synthetic rose oil do not possess any therapeutic attributes.
In addition, pink rose helps to soothe the nerves as well as the emotional/ psychological mental state. This flower is considered to have a gentle sedative and anti-depressant action. Physicians have been increasingly recommending the pink rose for treating a number of stress-related conditions, including heart diseases, nervous tension, peptic ulcers and others. It has been suggested that the essence of rose may possibly have a positive effect on our digestive process, circulatory system, bile secretion as well as in treating problems related to the womb. Furthermore, a tea prepared with the petals of rose usually helps to alleviate minor sore throats. This tea is prepared by adding 1 gram to 2 grams of dried rose petals to 150 ml of boiling water and allowing the leaves to infuse for some time. Filter the solution and drink it a few times daily for relief.
The root of the pink rose plant possesses astringent properties, while its petals are purgative. The rose petals are used to prepare syrup that is especially used for treating constipation in babies. Several members belonging to this genus produce fruits that contain elevated amounts of vitamins as well as minerals – they are particularly rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, flavonoids as well as various bio-active chemicals. In addition, the petals also form an excellent resource of essential fatty acids that is something strange for any fruit. Currently, scientists are studying whether the fruit of pink rose plant can be used as a remedy for lessening cancer cases and whether they can also be used to stop or overturn cancerous growths. The essential oil obtained from rose is extensively used in aromatherapy.
The petals of rose possess stimulating properties and hence can be used in the form of a tonic. The petals are used internally for treating health problems like high blood pressure (hypertension), asthma and bronchitis, improve circulation and cure dysmenorrhea (painful menstrual periods), diarrhea and even infections of the urinary tract. In addition, they are widely used to treat fever, cough, edema (fluid retention), stress, palpitations, indigestion and sleeplessness (insomnia).
As the aroma of rose is pleasing and potent, the petals are used extensively to make perfumes as well as essential oils.
The rose petals are also used internally. Drinking a tea prepared with rose petals has a soothing effect and it also helps to bring down elevated body temperature, especially during high fevers. In addition, this tea is also effective in eliminating toxic substances as well as heat from our body. Moreover, the rose petal infusion also helps to provide relief from the symptoms related to cold and influenza and, hence, herbalists often recommend it for people suffering from these two conditions.
The infusion prepared with rose petals is useful for treating tender throats, congested bronchial tracts as well as runny nose. The rose petals are also very effective in combating infections within the digestive system and help to bring back the good (beneficial) as well as essential bacteria in our intestines. They also possess diuretic attributes and, for this reason they are effective in providing relief from excessive fluid retained in the urinary bladder. In addition, rose petals work to eliminate all toxic matter as well as waste products from the body via the kidneys. They also help to provide relief from depression, sleeplessness, weariness and provide comfort when we are tetchy.
Compress some pink rose petals in water and put a few drops of the liquid in your eyes, it will help to remove all discomfort and even make vision better. This liquid is called rose water and it soothes the eyes and cleans them of all dirt. Pouring a few drops of rose water into the ears helps to alleviate earaches.
You may also boil some rose petals in water and use the liquid as a gargle and it will help to cure all diseases related to the throat. In addition, the liquid also cures toothaches, gets rid of foul mouth odour, dryness and heat. It also alleviates all stomach problems.
Pink rose has culinary uses and its fruits can be consumed uncooked or after cooking. The fruits of this hybrid species contain a pulp-like flesh. The best time to eat the fruits is after they have become softer and sweeter due to frosting. The fruit contains numerous seeds, which are surrounded by a slight flesh. The seeds of pink rose are an excellent resource of vitamin E and they can be pulverized into a powdered form and blended with flour or incorporated in different foods in the form of a supplement. Before using the seeds, make sure that you get rid of the seed hairs. The pink rose itself is used to prepare an aromatic tea. The thin petals are conserved in sugar and used in the form of a delicacy. In addition, you may also add the petals to fruit pies to enhance their flavour.
Habitat and cultivation
Pink rose (botanical name Rosa centifolia) is especially associated with Grasse, the French city which is called the world’s perfume capital. This hybrid rose variety is cultivated extensively mainly for its fragrance, which is sweet and clear, having a slight tinge of honey. The blooms are also harvested commercially for producing rose oil – a common ingredient of several superior quality perfumes.
This variety of rose is propagated by its seeds and it may often take as long as two years for the seeds to germinate. This is primarily owing to the fact that the seeds may possibly require a warm spell following a cold spell of weather so that the embryo can mature and cut the seed coat. You may possibly lessen the germination period by scratching the seeds and subsequently put them in a moist peat for about two to three weeks at temperature ranging between 27°C and 32°C. It is likely that the seeds would have absorbed a lot of moisture, which is necessary for their germination. Subsequently, you need to keep the seeds at 3°C for a period of four months and they would start germinating by this time.
On the other hand, you may also collect the seeds while they are still green, after they have developed completely, but prior to drying up on the plant, and sown them as soon as possible. If you do these, the seeds will germinate sometime during winter end. Sometimes seeds that are sown in a cold frame immediately after they ripen will possibly germinate during the spring. However, they may take as long as 18 months to germinate. If you are using stored seeds, you should preferably sow them during the very early part of the year and stratify them for about six weeks at 5°C. In such cases, the seeds may take a little longer, about two years, to germinate. When the seedlings have become large enough to be handled, prick them out individually and plant them in separate containers. Subsequently, plant them outdoors during summer, provided the plants have grown over 25 cm in height. Otherwise, continue growing them in a cold frame till the winter is over and plant them outdoors only in spring.
This species may also be propagated by its cuttings. Cut semi-mature wood having a heel during July and plant it in a frame in a shaded place. The cuttings will develop roots over winter and you can plant them outdoors during the end of spring. The survival rates of new plants developed through this vegetative method is remarkably high. Cutting can also be made from mature wood of the plant’s growth during the current season. Opt for shoots that are as wide as a pencil for cuttings, which should be ideally undertaken during the early part of autumn. Each cutting should be about 20 cm to 25 cm in length. Plant these cuttings either in cold frame or in shaded locations outdoors.
It may take as long as 12 months for these cuttings to establish themselves. However, the success rate is very high. The suckers should be ideally divided during the period when they are dormant. Plant the sucker divisions straightaway into their permanent positions outdoors. The sucker divisions that are planted outdoors require layering. Generally, it takes about 12 months for new plants to sprout from the sucker divisions.
Chemical analysis of the pink rose petals has revealed that they enclose tannic acid, volatile oil, saccharine and coloring substances, tartaric acid, malic acid, mineral salts and other compounds. Besides containing considerable amounts of vitamin C, petals of this hybrid rose also contain different mineral compounds comprising pectin (11%) and a blend of citric acid and malic acid (3%). Researchers believe that the petal’s diuretic as well as laxative effects are mainly owing to its citric acid and malic acid content.