Aerial parts, root.
The wood betony is not seen as a panacea anymore and its use in contemporary folk medicine is limited. However, the wood betony is of real value as treating headaches and pain in the facial region. The mildly sedative action of the wood betony is also effective in relieving nervous stress and emotional tension. The wood betony is included in British herbal medicine as a remedy that help improve the functioning of the nervous system and as an herb that can help counter over activity in the body. The remedies made from the wood betony are often used in the treatment of "frayed nerves," in treating premenstrual complaints, in treating poor memory, and in alleviating nervous tension and other emotional problems. The astringent properties of the wood betony is well known, and it is used in a combination with other herbs, including the comfrey - botanical name Symphytum officinale - and with linden flowers -Tilia species. When used combined with these herbs, it is effective in the treatment of sinusitis headaches and in treating nasal congestion. The remedy made from wood betony used with yarrow or used alone will also staunch nosebleeds in a patient. The taste of the wood betony is mildly bitter and it is used to stimulate the digestive system and to boost the functioning of the liver. The herb also has general tonic like effect on the human body and is used in various treatments.
The herb called the wood betony is found throughout most regions of continental Europe and can also be found in parts of Asia as far east as the Caucasus Mountains. The plants are found growing mainly in meadows, in heath land, and in thinly wooded hilly regions. When the plant blooms in early summer, all the aerial parts are collected and used to prepare various remedies.
Dosage for the herbal infusion can be a cup of the infusion taken thrice daily, prepare the infusion by pouring a cup of boiling water on 1 - 2 teaspoonfuls of the dried herb. Let the herb steep into the water for ten to fifteen minutes before straining and drinking. Dosage for the tincture can be 2 - 6 ml of the tincture thrice daily as long as needed.
INFUSION - For general use as a relaxant and as a tonic - low doses of one tsp per cup can be taken daily. The infusion can also be used in therapeutic doses for alleviating menstrual pain, in the treatment of migraines and other headaches, to alleviate nervous tension, or to stimulate digestion and cleanse the system. Hot wood betony infusion can be drunk during a difficult or painful labor to alleviate the pain. TINCTURE - The wood betony tincture can also be used in the same doses as the infusion and to achieve similar results. Drinking the tincture is particularly beneficial in case of nervous headaches; the tincture combines well with the remedy made from lavender. The tincture can also be used as a cleansing liquid in toxic and arthritic disorders. POULTICE - The poultice made from the herb can be applied to heal wounds and bruises on the skin. This can be prepared by grinding fresh wood betony leaves to a pulp. WASH - The infusion can be used as an herbal wash to bathe and clean leg ulcers and other wounds on the skin especially if they are infected. MOUTHWASH/GARGLE - The herbal infusion is useful in treating mouth ulcers, various gum inflammations, and as a gargle in case of sore throats. TONIC WINE - The wood betony can be made into an herbal tonic wine by macerating about fifty grams of wood betony and adding twenty five gram each of vervain and hyssop in seventy five ml of white wine - this mixture must be left standing in a bottle two weeks. Doses of a quarter cup per dose will bring relief from nervous headaches and mental tension or other emotional disorders.
The wood betony blooms in summer, and the aerial parts are best collected just before the floral bloom. The collected plants must be dried carefully by laying them out in sunlight throughout the summer.
An herbal combination remedy made from a mixture of wood betony with skullcap is good for treating nervous headaches.