How Shiatsu Works
The Five Element Theory
The kyo-jitsu principle

How Shiatsu Works
The Five Element Theory

The Yin-Yang theory makes it evident that the outlook of the ancient Chinese regarding nature and the universe mainly concentrates on process and change. In effect, the Five Element Theory, which is sometimes known as the Five Phase theory, is just a different part of this view regarding change and movement. This concept says that the entire phenomena are produced as a result of the movement of the five elements - earth, wood, fire, water and metal. However, these elements do not form the basic constituents of matter, but are somewhat portrayal of specific attributes that are relevant to particular phase or cycles of change.

Earth is related to harvesting late in summer, fertility as well as causing the phenomena to exist. In addition, Earth is also associated with late afternoon and diminishing activity or movements. Earth provides us with the capability to think intellectually and also concentrate (also known as 'Yi'). Since Earth is also linked with the stomach and spleen, it is also related to nourishment that included the ingestion as well as digestion of food and information, physically and mentally. The imbalance of the Earth as an element is manifested by a yellowing shade to our complexion, a somewhat poorly, but sweet odor and a singing feature of the voice. Individuals who have a preponderance of the Earth element are usually excellent listeners, but may perhaps be predisposed to worries.
The element Wood is distinguished by growth as well as increasing and external movement. Wood is related to spring, morning and commencing any action. The energy of Wood rises and, subsequently, goes away. It provides us with the competence to plan, regulate as well as be angry. Wood is also associated with the gallbladder and the liver. Any imbalance with the element Wood is reflected by a greenish complexion, a loud or snappish voice, and a rotten smell. People who have a preponderance of the Wood element are generally commanding, self-confident as well as well-organized. However, they are also likely to be short-tempered.
The attributes of Fire include heat as well as an ascending movement. When it reaches its zenith, the element Fire manifests energy or vitality and is linked with summer as well as the noon. In addition, Fire provides us with the ability for affection and to love and is associated with the heart and small intestine as well as the Heart Protector and Triple Heater. As is well known, the Heart accommodates the mind, the center for realization/ awareness, and the source of our entire thoughts and emotions. When there is an imbalance of the Fire element, it is manifested by a reddened complexion, an unsteady/ quivering or laughing voice as well as a burning smell. Any individual having a preponderance of Fire element is usually affectionate and sensitive. However, they are also likely to be emotional and sensitively unpredictable.
The element Water is considered to be the utmost degeneration or decline. In effect, Water is known to be related to winter, night, inactivity, accommodating, descending movement and cold. The energy or vitality of Water either overhangs or hovers. In effect, Water is the primary momentum for growth following the inactivity or latency of winter and provides us with the resolve to live and the push for giving birth. In addition, Water is associated with the gallbladder and the kidneys. Strangely enough, water is also related to fear. When there is an imbalance of the element Water in an individual, they experience a black or bluish shade to the complexion of their face, particularly just under the eyes, a rotting smell and a whimpering aspect in their voice. People having a preponderance of the Water element are likely to be possessed with their self, and able, but may turn out to be nervous or apprehensive. Overall, people usually cannot be clearly categorized into a solitary group, but have an inclination to amalgamate attributes from several dissimilar elements that may perhaps differ at various phases or points in their lives.
The element Metal symbolizes turn down and it is related to evening, autumn as well as the equilibrium between activities and resting. In addition, Metal also represents cleansing, abolition as well as reorganization. It provides us with the ability to accept new experiences and to get rid of the old. The energy or vitality of Metal declines and, subsequently, fades. The element Metal is associated with the lungs and the large intestine. In effect, the lungs accommodate the corporal soul (also known as 'Po') that provides us with the vitality of an animal and the capability to survive in the present. It is also linked with sorrow and unhappiness. Since the skin is considered to be an expansion of the lung, the element Metal is related to the concept of boundary - of the boundary between an individual and others. Any disparity in the balance of the element Metal in our body is manifested by a whitish shade to the complexion of our face, a lamenting feature of our voice and a somewhat mouldy smell of decay. Individuals having a preponderance of the element Metal may be extremely positive, but are likely to feel gloomy quite easily.

The kyo-jitsu principle

In shiatsu jargon, completeness or surplus of Ki resulting in obstruction or excitement in a channel/ meridian or tsubo is denoted as 'jitsu', while lack or bareness of Ki leading to hypo-activity or comparative inertness in any particular channel is called 'kyo'. In order to comprehend what kyo is, we need to deem that all the parts of a living organism look for nourishments by Ki and blood. Therefore, when deficient Ki arrives at any part of the body, that particular body part/ area expresses a requirement for additional Ki.

In addition, any need or requirement (kyo) would ultimately produce a reaction (jitsu) at some place within the body with an endeavour to make up for or fulfill that need. Therefore, kyo is the fundamental reason behind jitsu. To repeat the correlation of hunger, when there is sufficient supply of food, there in no requirement to be busy to immediately pack up the food cabinets. Nevertheless, when there is a scarcity of food and start feeling hungry, we start concentrating plenty of our energy as well as resources into obtaining additional food. In this case, the deprived kyo channel area causes intensified activities of 'jitsu' somewhere else.

The matrix of Ki of the body and the mind is composed of the Ki channels within our body and it continuously struggles to maintain a balance. In effect, it desires a smooth circulation of Ki as well as an unproblematic existence. However, our minds, actions as well as the influences of the environment on us occasionally act against this, but still the Ki matrix within us continues to strive for balance within itself. In reality, it takes plenty of endeavour or unfavourable situations to triumph over the synchronization of the body. Nevertheless, when the balance of Ki is lost, we become ill and suffer from diseases.

In effect, the disease itself is an endeavour to reinstate harmony, but occasionally the body and the mind simply does not have the final reserves or determination to become well devoid of help from outside. Therefore, we possess curative systems of a variety of types, counting shiatsu, which facilitate in restoring health or avoiding ailments by means of maintaining the smooth flow of Ki all through the channels or meridians making use of methods to fulfill the requirements of the kyo and, if required, disband or soothe the jitsu. In shiatsu, terms kyo and jitsu are normally confined to portraying the condition of the channels/ meridians and tsubos, but are not made use of to depict abnormalities in the functioning of the organs, which are generally illustrated as Yin-Yang imbalances. This is despite the fact that the alterations of the channels as well as the imbalances in the functioning of the organs occasionally happen to be identical symptoms.

It is much easier to locate the jitsu areas since they experience 'activeness' and when pressure is applied, they react locally. At times, the jitsu areas also stick out from the surface. On the other hand, it is comparatively difficult to find the kyo areas since they exhibit little or no response to touch and generally do not reveal a clear existence on the surface. However, people who are trained in shiatsu are able to see as well as feel kyo in the form of a dent or hollowness on the surface.


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